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dc.contributor.author
Alaerts, Kaat
dc.contributor.author
Nackaerts, Evelien
dc.contributor.author
Meyns, Pieter
dc.contributor.author
Swinnen, Stephan P.
dc.contributor.author
Wenderoth, Nicole
dc.date.accessioned
2018-11-01T12:07:18Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-11T21:38:22Z
dc.date.available
2018-11-01T12:07:18Z
dc.date.issued
2011-06-09
dc.identifier.issn
1932-6203
dc.identifier.other
10.1371/journal.pone.0020989
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/107828
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000107828
dc.description.abstract
Folk psychology advocates the existence of gender differences in socio-cognitive functions such as ‘reading’ the mental states of others or discerning subtle differences in body-language. A female advantage has been demonstrated for emotion recognition from facial expressions, but virtually nothing is known about gender differences in recognizing bodily stimuli or body language. The aim of the present study was to investigate potential gender differences in a series of tasks, involving the recognition of distinct features from point light displays (PLDs) depicting bodily movements of a male and female actor. Although recognition scores were considerably high at the overall group level, female participants were more accurate than males in recognizing the depicted actions from PLDs. Response times were significantly higher for males compared to females on PLD recognition tasks involving (i) the general recognition of ‘biological motion’ versus ‘non-biological’ (or ‘scrambled’ motion); or (ii) the recognition of the ‘emotional state’ of the PLD-figures. No gender differences were revealed for a control test (involving the identification of a color change in one of the dots) and for recognizing the gender of the PLD-figure. In addition, previous findings of a female advantage on a facial emotion recognition test (the ‘Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test’ (Baron-Cohen, 2001)) were replicated in this study. Interestingly, a strong correlation was revealed between emotion recognition from bodily PLDs versus facial cues. This relationship indicates that inter-individual or gender-dependent differences in recognizing emotions are relatively generalized across facial and bodily emotion perception. Moreover, the tight correlation between a subject's ability to discern subtle emotional cues from PLDs and the subject's ability to basically discriminate biological from non-biological motion provides indications that differences in emotion recognition may - at least to some degree – be related to more basic differences in processing biological motion per se.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Public Library of Science
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.title
Action and Emotion Recognition from Point Light Displays: An Investigation of Gender Differences
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
ethz.journal.title
PLoS ONE
ethz.journal.volume
6
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
6
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
PLoS ONE
ethz.pages.start
e20989
en_US
ethz.size
9 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.nebis
006206116
ethz.publication.place
San Francisco, CA, USA
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02535 - Institut für Bewegungswiss. und Sport / Institut of Human Movement Sc. and Sport::03963 - Wenderoth, Nicole / Wenderoth, Nicole
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02535 - Institut für Bewegungswiss. und Sport / Institut of Human Movement Sc. and Sport::03963 - Wenderoth, Nicole / Wenderoth, Nicole
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-11T21:39:25Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp593653c304a1495259
ethz.ecitpid
pub:168573
ethz.eth
no
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-26T05:48:04Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2018-11-01T12:07:30Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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