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dc.contributor.author
Bornmann, Lutz
dc.contributor.author
Wallon, Gerlind
dc.contributor.author
Ledin, Anna
dc.date.accessioned
2018-09-13T10:38:04Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-08T20:02:28Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-13T10:38:04Z
dc.date.issued
2008-10-22
dc.identifier.issn
1932-6203
dc.identifier.other
10.1371/journal.pone.0003480
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/10797
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000010797
dc.description.abstract
Does peer review fulfill its declared objective of identifying the best science and the best scientists? In order to answer this question we analyzed the Long-Term Fellowship and the Young Investigator programmes of the European Molecular Biology Organization. Both programmes aim to identify and support the best post doctoral fellows and young group leaders in the life sciences. We checked the association between the selection decisions and the scientific performance of the applicants. Our study involved publication and citation data for 668 applicants to the Long-Term Fellowship programme from the year 1998 (130 approved, 538 rejected) and 297 applicants to the Young Investigator programme (39 approved and 258 rejected applicants) from the years 2001 and 2002. If quantity and impact of research publications are used as a criterion for scientific achievement, the results of (zero-truncated) negative binomial models show that the peer review process indeed selects scientists who perform on a higher level than the rejected ones subsequent to application. We determined the extent of errors due to over-estimation (type I errors) and under-estimation (type 2 errors) of future scientific performance. Our statistical analyses point out that between 26% and 48% of the decisions made to award or reject an application show one of both error types. Even though for a part of the applicants, the selection committee did not correctly estimate the applicant's future performance, the results show a statistically significant association between selection decisions and the applicants' scientific achievements, if quantity and impact of research publications are used as a criterion for scientific achievement.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
PLoS
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.title
Does the Committee Peer Review Select the Best Applicants for Funding? An Investigation of the Selection Process for Two European Molecular Biology Organization Programmes
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
ethz.journal.title
PLoS ONE
ethz.journal.volume
3
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
10
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
PLoS ONE
ethz.pages.start
e3480
en_US
ethz.size
11 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Lawrence, KS, USA
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03631 - Daniel, Hans-Dieter / Daniel, Hans-Dieter
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03631 - Daniel, Hans-Dieter / Daniel, Hans-Dieter
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-08T20:02:37Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59364bf757eda21513
ethz.ecitpid
pub:21863
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-12T14:09:08Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2018-11-08T02:07:31Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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