Soluyanov, Alexey A.
Lutchyn, Roman M.
- Working Paper
Semiconductor-superconductor heterostructures represent a promising platform for the detection of Majorana zero modes and subsequently the processing of quantum information using their exotic non-Abelian statistics. Theoretical modeling of such low-dimensional semiconductors is generally based on phenomenological effective models. However, a more microscopic understanding of their band structure and, especially, of the spin-orbit coupling of electrons in these devices is important for optimizing their parameters for applications in quantum computing. In this paper, we approach this problem by first obtaining a highly accurate effective tight-binding model from ab initio calculations in the bulk. This model is symmetrized and correctly reproduces both the band structure and the wavefunction character. It is then used to determine Dresselhaus and Rashba spin-orbit splittings induced by finite size effects and external electric field in zincblende InSb one- and two-dimensional nanostructures as a function of growth parameters. The method presented here enables reliable simulations of realistic devices, including those used to realize exotic topological states. Mehr anzeigen
Zeitschrift / SeriearXiv
Seiten / Artikelnummer
Organisationseinheit03622 - Troyer, Matthias (ehemalig) / Troyer, Matthias (former)
AnmerkungenSubmitted on 7 October 2015.