The relevance of nanoscale biological fragments for ice nucleation in clouds
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Murray, Benjamin J.
Ross, James F.
Whale, Thomas F.
Price, Hannah C.
Atkinson, James D.
Umo, Nsikanabasi S.
Webb, Michael E.
- Journal Article
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Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Most studies of the role of biological entities as atmospheric ice-nucleating particles have focused on relatively rare supermicron particles such as bacterial cells, fungal spores and pollen grains. However, it is not clear that there are sufficient numbers of these particles in the atmosphere to strongly influence clouds. Here we show that the ice-nucleating activity of a fungus from the ubiquitous genus Fusarium is related to the presence of nanometre-scale particles which are far more numerous, and therefore potentially far more important for cloud glaciation than whole intact spores or hyphae. In addition, we quantify the ice-nucleating activity of nano-ice nucleating particles (nano-INPs) washed off pollen and also show that nano-INPs are present in a soil sample. Based on these results, we suggest that there is a reservoir of biological nano-INPs present in the environment which may, for example, become aerosolised in association with fertile soil dust particles Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
SubjectAtmospheric science; Environmental sciences
Organisational unit03690 - Lohmann, Ulrike / Lohmann, Ulrike
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