Evolution of Density Profiles in High-z Galaxies: Compaction and Quenching Inside-Out
Carollo, C. Marcella
Primack, Joel R.
- Working Paper
Using cosmological simulations, we address the interplay between structure and star formation in high-redshift galaxies via the evolution of surface density profiles. Our sample consists of 26 galaxies evolving in the redshift range z=7−1 , spanning the stellar mass range (0.2−6.4)×10 10 M ⊙ at z=2 . We recover the main trends by stacking the profiles in accordance to their evolution phases. Following a wet compaction event that typically occurs when the stellar mass is ∼10 9.5 M ⊙ at z∼2−4 , the gas develops a cusp inside the effective radius, associated with a peak in star-formation rate (SFR). The SFR peak and the associated feedback, in the absence of further gas inflow to the centre, marks the onset of gas depletion from the central 1 kpc, leading to quenching of the central SFR. An extended, star-forming ring that forms by fresh gas during the central quenching process shows as a rising specific SFR (sSFR) profile, which is interpreted as inside-out quenching. Before quenching, the stellar density profile grows self-similarly, maintaining its log-log shape because the sSFR is similar at all radii. During the quenching process, the stellar density saturates to a constant value, especially in the inner 1 kpc. The stellar mass and SFR profiles deduced from observations show very similar shapes, consistent with the scenario of wet compaction leading to inside-out quenching and the subsequent saturation of a dense stellar core. We predict a cuspy gas profile during the blue nugget phase, and a gas-depleted core, sometimes surrounded by a ring, in the post-blue nugget phase Show more
Journal / seriesarXiv
SubjectGalaxies: evolution; Galaxies: formation; Galaxies: quenching; Galaxies: high-redshift; Galaxies: structure; Galaxies: fundamental parameters
Organisational unit03612 - Carollo, Marcella
NotesSubmitted on 31 August 2015, Last revised 21 February 2016.
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