Star formation black hole growth and dusty tori in the most luminous AGNs at z=2-3.5
- Working Paper
We report herschel observations of 100 very luminous, optically selected AGNs at z=2-3.5 with log(LUV)(erg/sec)> 46.5, where LUV=L1350A. The distribution in LUV is similar to the general distribution of SDSS AGNs in this redshift and luminosity interval. We measured SF luminosity, LSF, and SFR in 34 detected sources by fitting combined SF and WISE-based torus templates. We also obtained statistically significant stacks for the undetected sources in two luminosity groups. The sample properties are compared with those of very luminous AGNs at z>4.5. The main findings are: 1) The mean and the median SFRs of the detected sources are 1176 and 1010 Msun/yr, respectively. The mean SFR of the undetected sources is 148 Msun/yr. The ratio of SFR to BH accretion rate is approximately 80 for the detected sources and less than 10 for the undetected sources. There is no difference in LAGN and only a very small difference in L(torus) between detected and undetected sources. 2) The redshift distribution of LSF and LAGN for the most luminous, redshift 2-7 AGNs are different. The highest LAGN are found at z=~3. However, LSF of such sources peaks at z=~5. Assuming the objects in our sample are hosted by the most massive galaxies at those redshifts, we find many of them are below the main-sequence of SF galaxies at z=2-3.5. 3) The SEDs of dusty tori at high redshift are similar to those found in low redshift, low luminosity AGNs. Herschel upper limits put strong constraints on the long wavelength SED ruling out several earlier suggested torus templates. 4) We find no evidence for a luminosity dependence of the torus covering factor in sources with log(LAGN)=44-47.5. This conclusion is based on the highly uncertain and non-uniformally treated LAGN in many earlier studies. The median covering factors over this range are 0.68 for isotropic dust emission and 0.4 for anisotropic emission Show more
Journal / seriesarXiv
Pages / Article No.
SubjectGalaxies: active; Galaxies: star formation; Quasars: general
Organisational unit03612 - Carollo, Marcella / Carollo, Marcella
NotesSubmitted on 24 November 2015, Last revised 21 February 2016.
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