Microcanonical and resource-theoretic derivations of the Non-Abelian Thermal State
Yunger Halpern, Nicole
- Working Paper
A Non-Abelian Thermal State (NATS), the thermal state of a system that exchanges heat and non-commuting charges with other systems, can be derived from the Principle of Maximum Entropy, even though the charges fail to commute with each other. To what extent this state has physical significance, and whether it aligns with other notions of the thermal state (such as complete passivity and equilibrium considerations), has been questioned. We show that the NATS is the thermal state, deriving its form via multiple strategies. We derive its form from the microcanonical state of the system-and-bath composite, by introducing the notion of an approximate microcanonical subspace. This gives plausibility to the notion that typical evolution laws will have the NATS as an equilibrium point locally. We also show that the form of the NATS can be derived from a resource theory in which the state is completely passive. We also prove a zeroeth law and a family of second laws for thermodynamics that involves noncommuting conserved charges Show more
Journal / seriesarXiv
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03781 - Renner, Renato
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