Dynamic peripheral traction forces balance stable neurite tension in regenerating Aplysia bag cell neurons
Mertz, Aaron F.
Dufresne, Eric R.
- Journal Article
Rechte / LizenzCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
Growth cones of elongating neurites exert force against the external environment, but little is known about the role of force in outgrowth or its relationship to the mechanical organization of neurons. We used traction force microscopy to examine patterns of force in growth cones of regenerating Aplysia bag cell neurons. We find that traction is highest in the peripheral actin-rich domain and internal stress reaches a plateau near the transition between peripheral and central microtubule-rich domains. Integrating stress over the area of the growth cone reveals that total scalar force increases with area but net tension on the neurite does not. Tensions fall within a limited range while a substantial fraction of the total force can be balanced locally within the growth cone. Although traction continuously redistributes during extension and retraction of the peripheral domain, tension is stable over time, suggesting that tension is a tightly regulated property of the neurite independent of growth cone dynamics. We observe that redistribution of traction in the peripheral domain can reorient the end of the neurite shaft. This suggests a role for off-axis force in growth cone turning and neuronal guidance. Mehr anzeigen
Zeitschrift / SerieScientific Reports
Seiten / Artikelnummer
VerlagNature Publishing Group
ThemaCellular neuroscience; Cellular motility
Organisationseinheit09573 - Dufresne, Eric / Dufresne, Eric