Shared neural basis of social and non-social reward deficits in chronic cocaine users
Tobler, Philippe N.
Preller, Katrin H.
Campbell-Meiklejohn, Daniel K.
Quednow, Boris B.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Changed reward functions have been proposed as a core feature of stimulant addiction, typically observed as reduced neural responses to non-drug-related rewards. However, it was unclear yet how specific this deficit is for different types of non-drug rewards arising from social and non-social reinforcements. We used functional neuroimaging in cocaine users to investigate explicit social reward as modeled by agreement of music preferences with music experts. In addition, we investigated non-social reward as modeled by winning desired music pieces. The study included 17 chronic cocaine users and 17 matched stimulant-naive healthy controls. Cocaine users, compared with controls, showed blunted neural responses to both social and non-social reward. Activation differences were located in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex overlapping for both reward types and, thus, suggesting a non-specific deficit in the processing of non-drug rewards. Interestingly, in the posterior lateral orbitofrontal cortex, social reward responses of cocaine users decreased with the degree to which they were influenced by social feedback from the experts, a response pattern that was opposite to that observed in healthy controls. The present results suggest that cocaine users likely suffer from a generalized impairment in value representation as well as from an aberrant processing of social feedback. Show more
Journal / seriesSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Pages / Article No.
PublisherOxford University Press
SubjectfMRI; Social conformity; Social cognition; Dopamine; Drug dependence; OFC
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