- Journal Article
Rights / licenseIn Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
Axial Graphs are networks whose nodes are linear axes in urban space, and edges represent intersections of such axes. These graphs are used in urban planning and urban morphology studies. In this text we analyse distance distributions between nodes in axial graphs, and show that these distributions are well approximated by rescaled Poisson distributions. We then demonstrate a correlation between the parameters governing the distance distribution and the degree of the polynomial distribution of metric lengths of linear axes in cities. This correlation provides `topological' support to the metrically based categorisation of cities proposed in [Carvalho & Penn]. Finally, we attempt to explain this topologico-metric categorisation in functional terms. To this end we introduce a notion of attraction cores defined in terms of aggregations of random walk agents. We demonstrate that the number of attraction cores in cities correlates well with the parameters governing their distance and line lengths distributions. The intersection of all three points of view (topological, metric and agent based) yields a descriptive model of the structure of urban networks. Show more
Journal / seriesPhysica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications
Pages / Article No.
SubjectUrban networks; Distance distribution; Scaling laws; Random walk
Organisational unit09591 - Wagner, Roy / Wagner, Roy
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