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dc.contributor.author
Haupt, Melanie
dc.contributor.author
Vadenbo, Carl
dc.contributor.author
Hellweg, Stefanie
dc.date.accessioned
2017-12-04T14:19:57Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-12T17:05:40Z
dc.date.available
2017-07-13T08:55:51Z
dc.date.available
2017-12-04T14:19:57Z
dc.date.issued
2017-06
dc.identifier.issn
1088-1980
dc.identifier.issn
1530-9290
dc.identifier.other
10.1111/jiec.12506
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/123708
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000123708
dc.description.abstract
A material flow analysis of the 2012 Swiss waste management system is presented, highlighting the material content available from waste. Half of municipal solid waste (MSW) is materially recycled and the other half thermally treated with energy recovery. A key component of an industrial ecosystem is increasing the resource efficiency through circulating materials. Recycling rates (RRs), an indicator for the circulating behavior of materials, are often used as measure for the degree of circularity of an economy. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the recycling of paper, cardboard, aluminum, tinplate, glass, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) from MSW in Switzerland by splitting the RRs into closed- and open-loop collection rate (CR) and RRs. Whereas CR refers to collected material that enters the recycling process, RRs measure the available secondary resources produced from recycling processes. For PET, the closed-loop CR of 45% and the open-loop CR of 40% compare to an RR of 31% and 37%, respectively (including exports and recycling of polyethylene and metals from collection). Official collection rates for paper and cardboard are very high (97%), whereas CR of 74% and 89% and RR of 59% and 81% for paper and cardboard, respectively, were found in the present study (including export). For a majority of the separately collected materials investigated, the rates that are determined are substantially lower than those that are officially communicated. Furthermore, given that official rates often do not provide information on the availability of secondary materials, the improvement potential for increased resource recovery is hidden.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Wiley
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Circular economy
en_US
dc.subject
Closed-loop
en_US
dc.subject
Industrial ecology
en_US
dc.subject
Material flow analysis
en_US
dc.subject
Municipal solid waste
en_US
dc.subject
Open-loop
en_US
dc.title
Do We Have the Right Performance Indicators for the Circular Economy?: Insight into the Swiss Waste Management System
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2016-10-29
ethz.journal.title
Journal of Industrial Ecology
ethz.journal.volume
21
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
3
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
J. ind. ecol.
ethz.pages.start
615
en_US
ethz.pages.end
627
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.identifier.nebis
002040224
ethz.publication.place
Oxford
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02608 - Institut für Umweltingenieurwiss. / Institute of Environmental Engineering::03732 - Hellweg, Stefanie / Hellweg, Stefanie
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02608 - Institut für Umweltingenieurwiss. / Institute of Environmental Engineering::03732 - Hellweg, Stefanie / Hellweg, Stefanie
ethz.relation.isPartOf
10.3929/ethz-b-000273916
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-12T17:05:57Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp593654f0d45ef82214
ethz.ecitpid
pub:186137
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-13T08:55:54Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2018-11-06T04:45:33Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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