Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author
Oppenheimer, Clive
dc.contributor.author
Wacker, Lukas
dc.contributor.author
Xu, Jiandong
dc.contributor.author
Galván, Juan Diego
dc.contributor.author
Stoffel, Markus
dc.contributor.author
Guillet, Sébastien
dc.contributor.author
Corona, Christophe
dc.contributor.author
Sigl, Michael
dc.contributor.author
Di Cosmo, Nicola
dc.contributor.author
Hajdas, Irka
dc.contributor.author
Pan, Bo
dc.contributor.author
Breuker, Remco
dc.contributor.author
Schneider, Lea
dc.contributor.author
Esper, Jan
dc.contributor.author
Fei, Jie
dc.contributor.author
Hammond, James O.S.
dc.contributor.author
Büntgen, Ulf
dc.date.accessioned
2019-12-06T15:06:53Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-12T19:34:03Z
dc.date.available
2019-12-06T15:06:53Z
dc.date.issued
2017-02-15
dc.identifier.issn
0277-3791
dc.identifier.other
10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.12.024
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/128095
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000128095
dc.description.abstract
Ranking among the largest volcanic eruptions of the Common Era (CE), the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan produced a widely-dispersed tephra layer (known as the B-Tm ash), which represents an important tie point for palaeoenvironmental studies in East Asia. Hitherto, there has been no consensus on its age, with estimates spanning at least the tenth century CE. Here, we identify the cosmogenic radiocarbon signal of 775 CE in a subfossil larch engulfed and killed by pyroclastic currents emplaced during the initial rhyolitic phase of the explosive eruption. Combined with glaciochemical evidence from Greenland, this enables us to date the eruption to late 946 CE. This secure date rules out the possibility that the Millennium Eruption contributed to the collapse of the Bohai Kingdom (Manchuria/Korea) in 926 CE, as has previously been hypothesised. Further, despite the magnitude of the eruption, we do not see a consequent cooling signal in tree-ring-based reconstructions of Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures. A tightly-constrained date for the Millennium Eruption improves the prospect for further investigations of historical sources that may shed light on the eruption's impacts, and enhances the value of the B-Tm ash as a chronostratigraphic marker.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Elsevier
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Cosmogenic isotopes
en_US
dc.subject
Eastern Asia
en_US
dc.subject
Holocene
en_US
dc.subject
Ice cores
en_US
dc.subject
Paleoclimatology
en_US
dc.subject
Tree-rings
en_US
dc.title
Multi-proxy dating the ‘Millennium Eruption’ of Changbaishan to late 946 CE
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2017-01-18
ethz.journal.title
Quaternary Science Reviews
ethz.journal.volume
158
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Quat. Sci. Rev.
ethz.pages.start
164
en_US
ethz.pages.end
171
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.identifier.nebis
000015707
ethz.publication.place
Amsterdam
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-12T19:34:51Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp5936553a38b4263763
ethz.ecitpid
pub:190999
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-14T16:18:17Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T06:59:19Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.atitle=Multi-proxy%20dating%20the%20%E2%80%98Millennium%20Eruption%E2%80%99%20of%20Changbaishan%20to%20late%20946%20CE&rft.jtitle=Quaternary%20Science%20Reviews&rft.date=2017-02-15&rft.volume=158&rft.spage=164&rft.epage=171&rft.issn=0277-3791&rft.au=Oppenheimer,%20Clive&Wacker,%20Lukas&Xu,%20Jiandong&Galv%C3%A1n,%20Juan%20Diego&Stoffel,%20Markus&rft.genre=article&rft_id=info:doi/10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.12.024&
 Search print copy at ETH Library

Files in this item

Thumbnail

Publication type

Show simple item record