Hydroxyl accessibility in wood cell walls as affected by drying and re-wetting procedures
Thybring, Emil E.
Thygesen, Lisbeth G.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The first drying of wood cell walls from the native state has sometimes been described as producing irreversible structural changes which reduce the accessibility to water, a phenomenon often referred to as hornification. This study demonstrates that while changes do seem to take place, these are more complex than what has hitherto been described. The accessibility of wood cell wall hydroxyls to deuteration in the form of liquid water was not found to be affected by drying, since vacuum impregnation with liquid water restores the native cell wall accessibility. Contrary to this, hydroxyl accessibility to deuteration by water vapour was found to decrease to different levels depending on the drying conditions. Vacuum drying at 60 °C for 3 days reduced the accessibility more than drying for 1 day at 103 °C without vacuum. Drying for 3 days at 103 °C increased the hydroxyl accessibility compared to 1 day. Moreover, the decrease in hydroxyl accessibility to deuteration by water vapour induced by the first drying could be at least partially erased by subsequent vacuum impregnation with liquid water, indicating reversibility. For the drying of solid, non-degraded wood cell walls the results challenge the often supposed process of hornification, understood as a permanent decrease in hydroxyl accessibility to water Show more
Journal / seriesCellulose
SubjectATR-FTIR; Deuterium exchange; DVS; Hydroxyl accessibility; Wood
Organisational unit03917 - Burgert, Ingo
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