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dc.contributor.author
Hämmig, Oliver
dc.contributor.author
Gutzwiller, Felix
dc.contributor.author
Bauer, Georg
dc.date.accessioned
2019-04-12T13:14:42Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-08T23:23:56Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-12T13:14:42Z
dc.date.issued
2009-11-30
dc.identifier.issn
1471-2458
dc.identifier.other
10.1186/1471-2458-9-435
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/19017
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000019017
dc.description.abstract
Background The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine work- and nonwork- related factors and physical and mental health outcomes associated with combined time- and strain-based work-life conflict (WLC) among adult employees living and working in Switzerland as well as possible gender differences in this regard. Methods The data used for the study were taken from wave 6 of the nationally representative Swiss Household Panel (SHP) collected in 2004. The analysis was restricted to 4'371 employees aged 20 to 64 years. Trivariate crosstabulations and multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses stratified by gender were performed in order to calculate gender-specific prevalence rates (%), beta coefficients (β) and crude as well as multiple adjusted odds ratios (OR) as measures of association. Results Every eighth person (12.5%) within the study population has a high or very high WLC score. Prevalence rates are clearly above average in men and women with higher education, in executive positions or managerial functions, in full-time jobs, with variable work schedules, regular overtime, long commuting time to work and job insecurity. Working overtime regularly, having variable work schedules and being in a management position are most strongly associated with WLC in men, whereas in women the level of employment is the strongest explanatory variable by far, followed by variable work schedules and high job status (managerial position). In both men and women, WLC is associated with several physical and mental health problems. Employees with high or very high WLC show a comparatively high relative risk of self-reported poor health, anxiety and depression, lack of energy and optimism, serious backache, headaches, sleep disorders and fatigue. While overall prevalence rate of (very) high WLC is higher in men than in women, associations between degrees of WLC and most health outcomes are stronger in women than in men. Conclusion This important issue which up to now has been largely neglected in public health research needs to be addressed in future public health research and, if the findings are confirmed by subsequent (longitudinal) studies, to be considered in workplace health promotion and interventions in Switzerland as elsewhere.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
BioMed Central
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
dc.title
Work-life conflict and associations with work- and nonwork-related factors and with physical and mental health outcomes: a nationally representative cross-sectional study in Switzerland
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
ethz.journal.title
BMC Public Health
ethz.journal.volume
9
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
BMC public health
ethz.pages.start
435
en_US
ethz.size
15 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.publication.place
London
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
03494 - Wehner, Theo
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
03494 - Wehner, Theo
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-08T23:24:10Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59364c9bf2bcf74170
ethz.ecitpid
pub:31289
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-15T09:31:52Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-02-15T18:26:28Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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