Electron-band theory inspired design of magnesium-precious metal bulk metallic glasses with high thermal stability and extended ductility
Laws, Kevin J.
Shamlaye, Karl F.
Koloadin, Leah S.
Löffler, Jörg F.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Magnesium-based bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) exhibit high specific strengths and excellent glass-forming ability compared to other metallic systems, making them suitable candidates for next-generation materials. However, current Mg-based BMGs tend to exhibit low thermal stability and are prone to structural relaxation and brittle failure. This study presents a range of new magnesium–precious metal-based BMGs from the ternary Mg–Ag–Ca, Mg–Ag–Yb, Mg–Pd–Ca and Mg–Pd–Yb alloy systems with Mg content greater than 67 at.%. These alloys were designed for high ductility by utilising atomic bond-band theory and a topological efficient atomic packing model. BMGs from the Mg–Pd–Ca alloy system exhibit high glass-forming ability with critical casting sizes of up to 3 mm in diameter, the highest glass transition temperatures (>200 °C) of any reported Mg-based BMG to date, and sustained compressive ductility. Alloys from the Mg–Pd–Yb family exhibit critical casting sizes of up to 4 mm in diameter, and the highest compressive plastic (1.59%) and total (3.78%) strain to failure of any so far reported Mg-based glass. The methods and theoretical approaches presented here demonstrate a significant step forward in the ongoing development of this extraordinary class of materials. Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Organisational unit03661 - Löffler, Jörg F. / Löffler, Jörg F.
153103 - Shear-band dynamics in bulk metallic glasses and atomic scale study of shear bands (SNF)
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