A multi-stage triaxial testing procedure for low permeable geomaterials applied to Opalinus Clay
Wild, Katrin M.
- Journal Article
In many engineering applications, it is important to determine both effective rock properties and the rock behavior which are representative for the problem's in situ conditions. For this purpose, rock samples are usually extracted from the ground and brought to the laboratory to perform laboratory experiments such as consolidated undrained (CU) triaxial tests. For low permeable geomaterials such as clay shales, core extraction, handling, storage, and specimen preparation can lead to a reduction in the degree of saturation and the effective stress state in the specimen prior to testing remains uncertain. Related changes in structure and the effect of capillary pressure can alter the properties of the specimen and affect the reliability of the test results. A careful testing procedure including back-saturation, consolidation and adequate shearing of the specimen, however, can overcome these issues. Although substantial effort has been devoted during the past decades to the establishment of a testing procedure for low permeable geomaterials, no consistent protocol can be found. With a special focus on CU tests on Opalinus Clay, this study gives a review of the theoretical concepts necessary for planning and validating the results during the individual testing stages (saturation, consolidation, and shearing). The discussed tests protocol is further applied to a series of specimens of Opalinus Clay to illustrate its applicability and highlight the key aspects Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
SubjectTriaxial test; Saturation; Consolidation; Undrained; Opalinus Clay; Clay shale
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