Complex spectral line profiles resulting from cryogenic deformation of the SINFONI/SPIFFI diffraction gratings
George, Elizabeth M.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
The integral field spectrograph, spectrometer for infrared faint field imaging (SPIFFI), has complex line profile shapes that vary with wavelength and pixel scale, the origins of which have been sought since the instrument construction. SPIFFI is currently operational as part of SINFONI at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) and will be upgraded and incorporated into the VLT instrument enhanced resolution imager and spectrograph (ERIS). We conducted an investigation of the line profiles based on the measurements we could take with the instrument calibration unit, as well as laboratory measurements of spare SPIFFI optical components. Cryogenic measurements of a spare SPIFFI diffraction grating showed significant periodic deformation. These measurements match the cryogenic deformation expected from bimetallic bending stress based on a finite element analysis of the lightweighted grating blank. The periodic deformation of the grating surface gives rise to satellite peaks in the diffraction pattern of the grating. An optical simulation including the cryogenic grating deformation reproduces the behavior of the SPIFFI line profiles with both wavelength and pixel scale as measured with the instrument calibration unit. The conclusion is that cryogenic deformation of the diffraction gratings is responsible for the nonideal line profiles, and that the diffraction gratings should be replaced during the upgrade for optimal instrument performance Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems
Subjectdiffraction; optics; bimetallic bending; Infrared; Instrumentation; integral field spectroscopy
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