- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
This article analyzes the influence of the ignition retardation on the fuel consumption, the cumulative tailpipe hydrocarbon emissions, and the temperature inside the three-way catalytic converter in a gasoline direct injection engine operated under idling conditions. A dedicated cylinder-individual, model-based, multivariable controller was used in experiments in order to isolate the effect of the ignition retardation on the hydrocarbon emissions as much as possible. An optimal control problem for a gasoline engine at a cold-start is formulated, which is used to interpret the experimental data obtained. The corresponding goal is to minimize the fuel consumption during an initial idling phase of a fixed duration while guaranteeing that the three-way catalytic converter reaches a sufficiently high final temperature and at the same time making sure that the cumulative hydrocarbon emissions stay below a given limit. The experimental data indicates that the engine should be operated with maximum ignition retardation in order to reach any temperature inside the three-way catalytic converter as quickly as possible concurrently with minimum tailpipe emissions and with the minimum possible fuel consumption Show more
Journal / seriesEnergies
Pages / Article No.
SubjectGasoline direct injection engine; GDI; Cold-start; Catalyst heating phase; Ignition retardation; Hydrocarbon emissions; Multivariable control
Organisational unit02130 - Dep. Maschinenbau und Verfahrenstechnik / Dep. of Mechanical and Process Eng.
03286 - Guzzella, Lino / Guzzella, Lino
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