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  1. Experimental super-Heisenberg quantum metrology with indefinite gate order 

    Yin, Peng; Zhao, Xiaobin; Yang, Yuxiang; et al. (2023)
    Nature Physics
    The precision of quantum metrology is widely believed to be restricted by the Heisenberg limit, corresponding to a root mean square error that is inversely proportional to the number of independent processes probed in an experiment, N. In the past, some proposals have challenged this belief, for example, using nonlinear interactions among the probes. However, these proposals turned out to still obey the Heisenberg limit with respect to ...
    Journal Article
  2. Solvent accessibility of a GPCR transmembrane domain probed by in-membrane chemical modification (IMCM) 

    Feng, Dandan; Feng, Guanru; Song, Yanzhuo; et al. (2023)
    FEBS Letters
    G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) transmit signals from drugs across cell membranes, leading to associated physiological effects. To study the structural basis of the transmembrane signalling, in-membrane chemical modification (IMCM) has previously been introduced for F-19-labelling of GPCRs expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells. Here, IMCM is used with the A(2A) adenosine receptor (A(2A)AR) expressed in Pichia pastoris; ...
    Journal Article
  3. Mechanostat parameters estimated from time-lapsed in vivo micro-computed tomography data of mechanically driven bone adaptation are logarithmically dependent on loading frequency 

    Marques, Francisco C.; Boaretti, Daniele; Walle, Matthias; et al. (2023)
    Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
    Mechanical loading is a key factor governing bone adaptation. Both preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated its effects on bone tissue, which were also notably predicted in the mechanostat theory. Indeed, existing methods to quantify bone mechanoregulation have successfully associated the frequency of (re)modeling events with local mechanical signals, combining time-lapsed in vivo micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging and ...
    Journal Article
  4. BARC: Breed-Augmented Regression Using Classification for 3D Dog Reconstruction from Images 

    Rueegg, Nadine; Zuffi, Silvia; Schindler, Konrad; et al. (2023)
    International Journal of Computer Vision
    The goal of this work is to reconstruct 3D dogs from monocular images. We take a model-based approach, where we estimate the shape and pose parameters of a 3D articulated shape model for dogs. We consider dogs as they constitute a challenging problem, given they are highly articulated and come in a variety of shapes and appearances. Recent work has considered a similar task using the multi-animal SMAL model, with additional limb scale ...
    Journal Article
  5. International investment agreements and foreign direct investment: A survey 

    Egger, Peter; Pirotte, Alain; Titi, Catharine (2023)
    The World Economy
    This paper reviews the relationship between international investment agreements (IIAs) and foreign direct investment (FDI). It is organised in two parts. The first part explores the generic structure of IIAs and highlights the components that are particularly relevant to FDI. It then gives an overview of the specific content of investment treaties using a representative treaty sample over the period 1980-2020. The second part is devoted ...
    Journal Article
  6. Chow rings of stacks of prestable curves II 

    Bae, Younghan; Schmitt, Johannes (2023)
    Journal für die reine und angewandte Mathematik
    We continue the study of the Chow ring of the moduli stack Mu(g, n) of prestable curves begun in [Y. Bae and J. Schmitt, Chow rings of stacks of prestable curves I, Forum Math. Sigma 10 (2022), Paper No. e28]. In genus 0, we show that the Chow ring of M-0,M-n coincides with the tautological ring and give a complete description in terms of (additive) generators and relations. This generalizes earlier results by Keel and by Kontsevich and ...
    Journal Article
  7. Nonlinear model reduction for a cantilevered pipe conveying fluid: A system with asymmetric damping and stiffness matrices (vol 188, 109993, 2023) 

    Li, Mingwu; Yan, Hao; Wang, Lin (2023)
    Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing
    Other Journal Item
  8. The interplay of local electron correlations and ultrafast spin dynamics in fcc Ni 

    Lojewski, Tobias; Elhanoty, Mohamed F.; Le Guyader, Loic; et al. (2023)
    The complex electronic structure of metallic ferromagnets is determined by a balance between exchange interaction, electron hopping leading to band formation, and local Coulomb repulsion. By combining high energy and temporal resolution in femtosecond time-resolved X-ray absorption spectroscopy with ab initio time-dependent density functional theory we analyze the electronic structure in fcc Ni on the time scale of these interactions in ...
    Journal Article
  9. A genome-wide association study of freezing tolerance in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) germplasm of European origin 

    Zanotto, Stefano; Ruttink, Tom; Pegard, Marie; et al. (2023)
    Improvement of persistency is an important breeding goal in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). In areas with cold winters, lack of persistency is often due to poor winter survival, of which low freezing tolerance (FT) is an important component. We conducted a genome wide association study (GWAS) to identify loci associated with freezing tolerance in a collection of 393 red clover accessions, mostly of European origin, and performed ...
    Journal Article
  10. Constraining the baryonic feedback with cosmic shear using the DES Year-3 small-scale measurements 

    Chen A.; Aricò G.; Huterer D.; et al. (2023)
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
    We use the small scales of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year-3 cosmic shear measurements, which are excluded from the DES Year-3 cosmological analysis, to constrain the baryonic feedback. To model the baryonic feedback, we adopt a baryonic correction model and use the numerical package BACCOEMU to accelerate the evaluation of the baryonic non-linear matter power spectrum. We design our analysis pipeline to focus on the constraints of the ...
    Journal Article
  11. Highly-parallelized simulation of a pixelated LArTPC on a GPU 

    Abed Abud A.; Abi B.; Acciarri R.; et al. (2023)
    Journal of Instrumentation
    The rapid development of general-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU) is allowing the implementation of highly-parallelized Monte Carlo simulation chains for particle physics experiments. This technique is particularly suitable for the simulation of a pixelated charge readout for time projection chambers, given the large number of channels that this technology employs. Here we present the first implementation of a full ...
    Journal Article
  12. Thermomechanical Simulation of Orthogonal Metal Cutting with PFEM and SPH Using a Temperature-Dependent Friction Coefficient: A Comparative Study 

    Rodríguez Prieto J.M.; Larsson S.; Afrasiabi M. (2023)
    In this work, we apply the Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM) and Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) to simulate the orthogonal cutting chip formation of two workpiece materials, i.e., AISI 1045 steel and Ti6Al4V titanium alloy. A modified Johnson–Cook constitutive model is used to model the plastic behavior of the two workpiece materials. No damage or strain softening is included in the model. The friction between the workpiece and ...
    Journal Article
  13. Chemical communication between plants and insects 

    Zu P.; Zhang D.Y.; Luo Y.B. (2023)
    Journal of Systematics and Evolution
    Other Journal Item
  14. Approaches to Forecasting Damage by Invasive Forest Insects and Pathogens: A Cross-Assessment 

    Raffa K.F.; Brockerhoff E.G.; Gregoire J.C.; et al. (2023)
    Nonnative insects and pathogens pose major threats to forest ecosystems worldwide, greatly diminishing the ecosystem services trees provide. Given the high global diversity of arthropod and microbial species, their often unknown biological features or even identities, and their ease of accidental transport, there is an urgent need to better forecast the most likely species to cause damage. Several risk assessment approaches have been ...
    Review Article
  15. P-wave velocity tomography and acoustic emission characteristics of sandstone under uniaxial compression 

    Zhang G.; Wu S.C.; Zhang S.H.; et al. (2023)
    Yantu Lixue/Rock and Soil Mechanics
    Pillar burst is one of the most frequent dynamic disasters in deep mining, which poses a serious threat to safe and efficient mining. In this study, the failure mechanisms and precursors of pillar burst are investigated by active ultrasonic survey and passive acoustic emission (AE) monitoring in uniaxial compression tests on Zigong red sandstone. Combining active and passive AE monitoring data, a P-wave velocity tomography inversion is ...
    Journal Article
  16. Fungicide-free management of Alternaria leaf blotch and fruit spot on apple indicates Alternaria spp. as secondary colonizer 

    Prechsl U.E.; Rizzoli W.; Marschall K.; et al. (2023)
    Scientific Reports
    The fungal genus Alternaria is a pan-global pathogen of > 100 crops, and is associated with the globally expanding Alternaria leaf blotch in apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.) which leads to severe leaf necrosis, premature defoliation, and large economic losses. Up to date, the epidemiology of many Alternaria species is still not resolved as they can be saprophytic, parasitic or shift between both lifestyles and are also classified as primary ...
    Journal Article
  17. Environment-dependent epistasis increases phenotypic diversity in gene regulatory networks 

    Baier F.; Gauye F.; Perez-Carrasco R.; et al. (2023)
    Science Advances
    Mutations to gene regulatory networks can be maladaptive or a source of evolutionary novelty. Epistasis confounds our understanding of how mutations affect the expression patterns of gene regulatory networks, a challenge exacerbated by the dependence of epistasis on the environment. We used the toolkit of synthetic biology to systematically assay the effects of pairwise and triplet combinations of mutant genotypes on the expression pattern ...
    Journal Article
  18. Message from CPS-IoTBench 2023 Chairs: 6th Workshop on Benchmarking Cyber-Physical Systems & Internet of Things (CPS-IoTBench 2023) 

    Baddeley M.; Breza M.; Friesel D.; et al. (2023)
    ACM International Conference Proceeding Series
    Other Journal Item
  19. Fluid Redox Fingerprint of the CaCO<inf>3</inf>+Antigorite Dehydration Reaction in Subducted Metacarbonate Sediments 

    Maffeis A.; Ferrando S.; Connolly J.A.D.; et al. (2023)
    Antigorite dehydration is a process able to release, in comparison with other minerals, the highest amount of H2O from a subducting slab. The released fluid delivers critical elements (e.g., S, Cu, and REE) to the overlying subarc mantle, modifying the mantle source of arc magmas and related ore deposits. Whether antigorite breakdown produces oxidising or reducing fluids is debated. Whereas previous studies have investigated antigorite ...
    Journal Article
  20. A new avenue in the search for CP violation: Mössbauer spectroscopy of <sup>227</sup> Ac 

    Scheck M.; Chapman R.; Dobaczewski J.; et al. (2023)
    European Physical Journal A
    This work proposes a new avenue in the search for CP-violating odd-electric and even-magnetic nuclear moments. A promising candidate to find such moments in the ground state is the quadrupole-deformed and octupole-correlated nucleus 227-actinium. In this nucleus, the 27.4-keV E1 transition that connects the 3 / 2 + parity-doublet partner and the 3 / 2 - ground state is perfectly suited to apply the sensitive technique of recoil-free ...
    Journal Article

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