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dc.contributor.author
Stern, Elsbeth
dc.date.accessioned
2017-10-26T07:38:58Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-12T18:32:13Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-10T12:01:59Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-23T07:36:56Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-26T06:29:10Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-26T06:45:43Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-26T07:38:58Z
dc.date.issued
2017-01-12
dc.identifier.issn
2056-7936
dc.identifier.other
10.1038/s41539-016-0003-0
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/200038
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000200038
dc.description.abstract
To the best of our knowledge, the genetic foundations that guide human brain development have not hanged fundamentally during the past 50,000 years. However, because of their cognitive potential, humans have changed the world tremendously in the past centuries. They have invented technical devices, institutions that regulate cooperation and competition, and symbol systems, such as script and mathematics, that serve as reasoning tools. The exceptional learning ability of humans allows newborns to adapt to the world they are born into; however, there are tremendous individual differences in learning ability among humans that become obvious in school at the latest. Cognitive psychology has developed models of memory and information processing that attempt to explain how humans learn (general perspective), while the variation among individuals (differential perspective) has been the focus of psychometric intelligence research. Although both lines of research have been proceeding independently, they increasingly converge, as both investigate the concepts of working memory and knowledge construction. This review begins with presenting state-of-the-art research on human information processing and its potential in academic learning. Then, a brief overview of the history of psychometric intelligence research is combined with presenting recent work on the role of intelligence in modern societies and on the nature-nurture debate. Finally, promising approaches to integrating the general and differential perspective will be discussed in the conclusion of this review.
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Springer Nature
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Human behavior
en_US
dc.subject
Psychology
en_US
dc.title
Individual differences in the learning potential of human beings.
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
ethz.journal.title
npj Science of Learning
ethz.journal.volume
2
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
1
en_US
ethz.pages.start
2
en_US
ethz.size
7 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.code.ddc
DDC - DDC::1 - Philosophy & psychology
en_US
ethz.code.ddc
DDC - DDC::5 - Science
en_US
ethz.code.jel
JEL - JEL::I - Health, Education, and Welfare
en_US
ethz.code.jel
JEL - JEL::Z - Other Special Topics
en_US
ethz.publication.place
London
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::02527 - Institut für Verhaltenswissenschaften / Institute of Behavioral Sciences::03753 - Stern, Elsbeth / Stern, Elsbeth
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::02527 - Institut für Verhaltenswissenschaften / Institute of Behavioral Sciences::03753 - Stern, Elsbeth / Stern, Elsbeth
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-12T18:32:54Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59365520dc5f060376
ethz.ecitpid
pub:189245
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-10-24T14:56:14Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2020-02-15T08:22:34Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
dc.identifier.olduri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/193871
dc.identifier.olduri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/126499
ethz.COinS
ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:journal&rft.atitle=Individual%20differences%20in%20the%20learning%20potential%20of%20human%20beings.&rft.jtitle=npj%20Science%20of%20Learning&rft.date=2017-01-12&rft.volume=2&rft.issue=1&rft.spage=2&rft.issn=2056-7936&rft.au=Stern,%20Elsbeth&rft.genre=article&
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