The link between eddy-driven jet variability and weather regimes in the North Atlantic-European sector
Grams, Christian M.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
This study reconciles two perspectives on wintertime atmospheric variability in the North Atlantic–European sector: the zonal-mean framework comprising three preferred locations of the eddy-driven jet (southern, central, northern), and the weather regime framework comprising four classical North Atlantic-European regimes (Atlantic ridge AR, zonal ZO, European/Scandinavian blocking BL, Greenland anticyclone GA). A k-means clustering algorithm is used to characterize the two-dimensional variability of the eddy-driven jet stream, defined by the lower tropospheric zonal wind in the ERA-Interim reanalysis. The first three clusters capture the central jet and northern jet, along with a new mixed-jet configuration; a fourth cluster is needed to recover the southern jet. The mixed cluster represents a split or strongly tilted jet, neither of which is well described in the zonal-mean framework, and has a persistence of about one week, similar to the other clusters. Connections between the preferred jet locations and weather regimes are corroborated – southern to GA, central to ZO, and northern to AR. In addition, the new mixed cluster is found to be linked to European/Scandinavian blocking, whose relation to the eddy-driven jet was previously unclear. Show more
Journal / seriesQuarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society
Pages / Article No.
Subjecteddy-driven jet; weather regimes; North Atlantic atmospheric variability; blocking; NAO
Organisational unit03854 - Wernli, Johann Heinrich / Wernli, Johann Heinrich
148177 - The mutual interaction of individual weather systems and weather regimes (SNF)
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