Influence of Operating Conditions and Material Properties on the Mass Transport Losses of Polymer Electrolyte Water Electrolysis
Schmidt, Thomas J.
Büchi, Felix N.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Three different porous transport layer (PTL) structures, based on titanium sintered powders, were characterized using X-ray tomographic microscopy to determine key geometric properties such as porosity, pore and particle size distributions as well as effective transport properties. The mass transport through the PTL contributes to the voltage losses in the polymer electrolyte water electrolysis cell. Therefore, influence of the PTL structure on the mass transport overpotential is investigated as function of current densities (≤ 4 A·cm−2), operating pressures (1–100 bar) and temperatures (40–60°C), respectively. A decrease of transport losses was observed with increasing pressure and temperature for all investigated PTLs. At around 100 bar balanced pressure, the transport losses for all PTLs converge to about 40 mV per applied A·cm−2, suggesting that other parts of the cell such as the catalyst layer or their interface contribute to these remaining losses. The performance loss, induced by the different PTL structures, shows a stronger correlation with geometric parameters such as pore and particle size distributions than transport properties like effective diffusivity and permeability. The finest materials with d50 pore and particle diameters of 40–48 and 68 μm, respectively, are performing better than the coarsest material with diameters roughly twice the sizes Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Pages / Article No.
PublisherThe Electrochemical Society
Organisational unit03910 - Schmidt, Thomas J. / Schmidt, Thomas J.
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