A conserved stem of the Myxococcus xanthus sRNA Pxr controls sRNA accumulation and multicellular development
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Yu, Yuen-Tsu N.
Velicer, Gregory J.
- Journal Article
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Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
The small RNA (sRNA) Pxr negatively controls multicellular fruiting body formation in the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus, inhibiting the transition from growth to development when nutrients are abundant. Like many other prokaryotic sRNAs, Pxr is predicted to fold into three stem loops (SL1-SL3). SL1 and SL2 are highly conserved across the myxobacteria, whereas SL3 is much more variable. SL1 is necessary for the regulatory function of Pxr but the importance of SL3 in this regard is unknown. To test for cis genetic elements required for Pxr function, we deleted the entire pxr gene from a developmentally defective strain that fails to remove Pxr-mediated blockage of development and reintroduced variably truncated fragments of the pxr region to test for their ability to block development. These truncations demonstrated that SL3 is necessary for Pxr function in the defective strain. We further show that a highly conserved eight-base-pair segment of SL3 is not only necessary for Pxr to block development in the defective strain under starvation conditions, but is also required for Pxr to prevent fruiting body development by a developmentally proficient wild-type strain under high-nutrient conditions. This conserved segment of SL3 is also necessary for detectable levels of Pxr to accumulate, suggesting that this segment either stabilizes Pxr against premature degradation during vegetative growth or positively regulates its transcription Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Organisational unit03939 - Velicer, Gregory J. / Velicer, Gregory J.
03584 - Bonhoeffer, Sebastian / Bonhoeffer, Sebastian
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