Gait and Trajectory Optimization for Legged Systems through Phase-based End-Effector Parameterization
Winkler, Alexander W.
Bellicoso, C. Dario
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseIn Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
We present a single Trajectory Optimization for- mulation for legged locomotion that automatically determines the gait-sequence, step-timings, footholds, swing-leg motions and 6D body motion over non-flat terrain, without any additional modules. Our phase-based parameterization of feet motion and forces allows to optimize over the discrete gait sequence using only continuous decision variables. The system is represented using a simplified Centroidal dynamics model that is influenced by the feet’s location and forces. We explicitly enforce friction cone constraints, depending on the shape of the terrain. The NLP solver generates highly dynamic motion-plans with full flight-phases for a variety of legged systems with arbitrary morphologies in an efficient manner. We validate the feasibility of the generated plans in simulation and on the real quadruped robot ANYmal. Additionally, the entire solver software TOWR used to generate these motions is made freely available. Show more
Journal / seriesIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Pages / Article No.
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
SubjectLegged Robots; Motion and Path Planning; Optimization and Optimal Control; Humanoid and Bipedal Locomotion
Organisational unit03965 - Buchli, Jonas (SNF-Professur) (ehem.) / Buchli, Jonas (SNF-Professur) (former)
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