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dc.contributor.author
Beniston, Martin
dc.contributor.author
Farinotti, Daniel
dc.contributor.author
Stoffel, Markus
dc.contributor.author
Andreassen, Liss M.
dc.contributor.author
Coppola, Erika
dc.contributor.author
Eckert, Nicolas
dc.contributor.author
Fantini, Adriano
dc.contributor.author
Giacona, Florie
dc.contributor.author
Hauck, Christian
dc.contributor.author
Huss, Matthias
dc.contributor.author
Huwald, Hendrik
dc.contributor.author
Lehning, Michael
dc.contributor.author
López-Moreno, Juan-Ignacio
dc.contributor.author
Magnusson, Jan
dc.contributor.author
Marty, Christoph
dc.contributor.author
Morán-Tejéda, Enrique
dc.contributor.author
Morin, Samuel
dc.contributor.author
Naaim, Mohamed
dc.contributor.author
Provenzale, Antonello
dc.contributor.author
Rabatel, Antoine
dc.contributor.author
Six, Delphine
dc.contributor.author
Stötter, Johann
dc.contributor.author
Strasser, Ulrich
dc.contributor.author
Terzago, Silvia
dc.contributor.author
Vincent, Christian
dc.date.accessioned
2018-03-08T14:13:53Z
dc.date.available
2018-03-08T10:29:23Z
dc.date.available
2018-03-08T14:13:53Z
dc.date.issued
2018
dc.identifier.issn
1994-0416
dc.identifier.issn
1994-0424
dc.identifier.other
10.5194/tc-12-759-2018
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/247601
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000247601
dc.description.abstract
The mountain cryosphere of mainland Europe is recognized to have important impacts on a range of environmental processes. In this paper, we provide an overview on the current knowledge on snow, glacier, and permafrost processes, as well as their past, current, and future evolution. We additionally provide an assessment of current cryosphere research in Europe and point to the different domains requiring further research. Emphasis is given to our understanding of climate–cryosphere interactions, cryosphere controls on physical and biological mountain systems, and related impacts. By the end of the century, Europe's mountain cryosphere will have changed to an extent that will impact the landscape, the hydrological regimes, the water resources, and the infrastructure. The impacts will not remain confined to the mountain area but also affect the downstream lowlands, entailing a wide range of socioeconomical consequences. European mountains will have a completely different visual appearance, in which low- and mid-range-altitude glaciers will have disappeared and even large valley glaciers will have experienced significant retreat and mass loss. Due to increased air temperatures and related shifts from solid to liquid precipitation, seasonal snow lines will be found at much higher altitudes, and the snow season will be much shorter than today. These changes in snow and ice melt will cause a shift in the timing of discharge maxima, as well as a transition of runoff regimes from glacial to nival and from nival to pluvial. This will entail significant impacts on the seasonality of high-altitude water availability, with consequences for water storage and management in reservoirs for drinking water, irrigation, and hydropower production. Whereas an upward shift of the tree line and expansion of vegetation can be expected into current periglacial areas, the disappearance of permafrost at lower altitudes and its warming at higher elevations will likely result in mass movements and process chains beyond historical experience. Future cryospheric research has the responsibility not only to foster awareness of these expected changes and to develop targeted strategies to precisely quantify their magnitude and rate of occurrence but also to help in the development of approaches to adapt to these changes and to mitigate their consequences. Major joint efforts are required in the domain of cryospheric monitoring, which will require coordination in terms of data availability and quality. In particular, we recognize the quantification of high-altitude precipitation as a key source of uncertainty in projections of future changes. Improvements in numerical modeling and a better understanding of process chains affecting high-altitude mass movements are the two further fields that – in our view – future cryospheric research should focus on.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Copernicus
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.title
The European mountain cryosphere: a-review of its current state, trends, and future challenges
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
dc.date.published
2018-03-01
ethz.journal.title
The Cryosphere
ethz.journal.volume
12
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
2
en_US
ethz.pages.start
759
en_US
ethz.pages.end
794
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Göttingen
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02611 - V. Wasserbau, Hydrologie u. Glaziologie / Lab. Hydraulics,Hydrology,Glaciology::09599 - Farinotti, Daniel / Farinotti, Daniel
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02611 - V. Wasserbau, Hydrologie u. Glaziologie / Lab. Hydraulics,Hydrology,Glaciology::09599 - Farinotti, Daniel / Farinotti, Daniel
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2018-03-08T10:29:24Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2018-03-08T14:14:01Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2018-12-02T09:08:05Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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