Biomaterial surface energy-driven ligand assembly strongly regulates stem cell mechanosensitivity and fate on very soft substrates
Holenstein, Claude N.
Snedeker, Jess G.
- Journal Article
Although mechanisms of cell–material interaction and cellular mechanotransduction are increasingly understood, the mechanical insensitivity of mesenchymal cells to certain soft amorphous biomaterial substrates has remained largely unexplained. We reveal that surface energy-driven supramolecular ligand assembly can regulate mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) sensing of substrate mechanical compliance and subsequent cell fate. Human MSCs were cultured on collagen-coated hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and hydrophilic polyethylene-oxide-PDMS (PEO-PDMS) of a range of stiffnesses. Although cell contractility was similarly diminished on soft substrates of both types, cell spreading and osteogenic differentiation occurred only on soft PDMS and not hydrophilic PEO-PDMS (elastic modulus <1 kPa). Substrate surface energy yields distinct ligand topologies with accordingly distinct profiles of recruited transmembrane cell receptors and related focal adhesion signaling. These differences did not differentially regulate Rho-associated kinase activity, but nonetheless regulated both cell spreading and downstream differentiation Show more
Journal / seriesProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNational Academy of Sciences
Subjectmechanobiology; stem cell; PDMS; surface energy; ligand assembly
Organisational unit03822 - Snedeker, Jess G. / Snedeker, Jess G.
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