- Journal Article
Observations show that the surface incident solar radiation (Rs) decreased over land from the 1950s to the 1980s and increased thereafter, known as global dimming and brightening. This claim has been questioned due to the inhomogeneity and low spatial‐temporal coverage of Rs observations. Based on direct comparisons of ~200 observed and sunshine duration (SunDu) derived Rs station pairs, meeting data record lengths exceeding 60 months and spatial distances less than 110 km, we show that meteorological observations of SunDu can be used as a proxy for measured Rs. Our revised results from ~2,600 stations show global dimming from the 1950s to the 1980s over China (−1.90 W/m2 per decade), Europe (−1.36 W/m2 per decade), and the United States (−1.10 W/m2 per decade), brightening from 1980 to 2009 in Europe (1.66 W/m2 per decade) and a decline from 1994 to 2010 in China (−1.06 W/m2 per decade). Even if 1994–2010 is well known as a period of global brightening, the observed and SunDu‐derived Rs over China still exhibit declining trends. Trends in Rs from 1923 to 1950 are also found over Europe (1.91 W/m2 per decade) and the United States (−1.31 W/m2 per decade), but the results in Europe may not well represent the actual trend for the European continent due to poor spatial sampling. Show more
Journal / seriesGeophysical Research Letters
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03360 - Schär, Christoph / Schär, Christoph
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