Coseismic displacements from moderate-size earthquakes mapped by Sentinel-1 differential interferometry: The case of February 2017 Gulpinar Earthquake Sequence (Biga Peninsula, Turkey)
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
We study the tectonic deformation from the February 2017 shallow earthquake sequence onshore Biga Peninsula (NW Turkey, NE Aegean region). We use InSAR interferograms (Sentinel-1 satellites) to identify the seismic fault (striking N110°E) and seismological data (parametric data and Moment Tensor solutions from NOA and KOERI catalogues) so as to refine its geometry and kinematics using inversion techniques. Despite the moderate magnitudes of the main events of the sequence (5.0 ≤ Mw ≤ 5.2), the total surface deformation is 2.2 fringes (or maximum 6.2 cm along LOS) and it is well visible with InSAR because of the shallow depth of the four main events (6–8 km) and the good coherence of the signal phase. Our geodetic inversion showed that the fault has normal-slip kinematics, dimensions of 6 by 6 km (length, width) and dips at 45°. The InSAR data are fitted by a uniform slip of 28 cm. In addition, 429 earthquakes were relocated with the HypoDD software and the use of a 1-D velocity model. The dip-direction of the fault is not retrievable from InSAR, but a south-dipping plane is clear from seismology and the aftershocks distribution. The spatial distribution of relocated events indicates the activation of one fault with a rupture zone length of about 10 km, a result of the occurrence of off-fault aftershocks along strike the main rupture. A stress inversion using 20 focal mechanisms (M ≥ 3.6; NOA solutions) indicates that faulting accommodates a N196°E extension. It is confirmed that moderate (5.0 ≤ M ≤ 5.2) shallow events can be traced in InSAR studies and can produce surface displacements that provide useful data in fault inversion Show more
Journal / seriesRemote Sensing
Pages / Article No.
SubjectInSAR; sentinel; deformation; earthquake; relocation; stress; Biga peninsula; Aegean
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