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dc.contributor.author
Schatzmann, Thomas
dc.contributor.author
Sarlas, Georgios
dc.contributor.author
Axhausen, Kay W.
dc.date.accessioned
2019-03-29T13:55:33Z
dc.date.available
2018-08-22T09:41:34Z
dc.date.available
2018-08-22T10:55:37Z
dc.date.available
2019-03-29T13:55:33Z
dc.date.issued
2019-01
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/283769
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000283769
dc.description.abstract
We present a direct demand modelling approach for origin-destination (OD) public transportation commuting flows between municipalities in Switzerland. The purpose is to improve the gravity modelling approach for OD flows by applying a spatial autoregressive regression model and testing different spatial weighting schemes. Besides the usual characteristics to explain commuting, we include a variable based on mean income differences to examine interregional demand patterns. In addition, we treat for the endogenous nature of the newly constructed variable and test its ability to serve as the basis for the construction of a spatial weight matrix, thus replacing the commonly used travel time / distance metric. We apply Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) and Intrumental Variable (IV) estimators to obtain unbiased and consistent parameter estimates. We compare in-sample predictions of the models among each other and to the flows of the National transport model. We use data from the 2000 Federal Census and found significant spatial dependence in the residuals of the gravity model and thus the need for spatial regression models. We use a valid set of instruments to account for endogeneity and show that income differences are underestimated in the gravity and spatial models if assumed exogenous. Neighbouring municipalities affect flows under consideration positively at origins and negatively at destinations. Last, the spatial autoregressive models relying on a combination of origin- and destination-centric weight matrix outperform the gravity models in terms of the predictive accuracy when network and economic distance weights are used.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Transportation Research Board
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Commuting flows
en_US
dc.subject
Spatial autoregressive regression
en_US
dc.subject
Origin-destination flow modelling
en_US
dc.subject
Instrumental variable
en_US
dc.subject
Endogeneity
en_US
dc.subject
Endogenous weigth matrix
en_US
dc.title
Spatial modelling of origin-destination commuting flows in Switzerland
en_US
dc.type
Conference Paper
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
ethz.book.title
2019 TRB Annual Meeting Online
en_US
ethz.pages.start
19-06011
en_US
ethz.size
20 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
submittedVersion
en_US
ethz.event
98th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (TRB 2019)
en_US
ethz.event.location
Washington, DC, USA
en_US
ethz.event.date
January 13-17, 2019
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Washington, DC
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02610 - Inst. f. Verkehrspl. u. Transportsyst. / Inst. Transport Planning and Systems::03521 - Axhausen, Kay W. / Axhausen, Kay W.
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02610 - Inst. f. Verkehrspl. u. Transportsyst. / Inst. Transport Planning and Systems::03521 - Axhausen, Kay W. / Axhausen, Kay W.
en_US
ethz.relation.isNewVersionOf
10.3929/ethz-b-000264750
ethz.date.deposited
2018-08-22T09:41:38Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-03-29T13:56:17Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2019-03-29T13:56:17Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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