A Polyketide Synthase Component for Oxygen Insertion into Polyketide Backbones
Meoded, Roy A.
Helfrich, Eric J.N.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Enzymatic core components from trans‐acyltransferase polyketide synthases (trans‐AT PKSs) catalyze exceptionally diverse biosynthetic transformations to generate structurally complex bioactive compounds. Here we focus on a group of oxygenases identified in various trans‐AT PKS pathways, including those for pederin, oocydins, and toblerols. Using the oocydin pathway homologue (OocK) from Serratia plymuthica 4Rx13 and N‐acetylcysteamine (SNAC) thioesters as test surrogates for acyl carrier protein (ACP)‐tethered intermediates, we show that the enzyme inserts oxygen into β‐ketoacyl moieties to yield malonyl ester SNAC products. Based on these data and the identification of a non‐hydrolyzed oocydin congener with retained ester moiety, we propose a unified biosynthetic pathway of oocydins, haterumalides, and biselides. By providing access to internal ester, carboxylate pseudostarter, and terminal hydroxyl functions, oxygen insertion into polyketide backbones greatly expands the biosynthetic scope of PKSs Show more
Journal / seriesAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Pages / Article No.
SubjectBaeyer–Villiger oxidation; biosynthesis; natural products; polyketides; polyketide synthases
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