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dc.contributor.author
Richthofen, Aurel von
dc.date.accessioned
2019-02-13T13:01:08Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-20T08:19:24Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-20T08:52:17Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-20T11:16:20Z
dc.date.available
2019-02-13T13:01:08Z
dc.date.issued
2018-01-26
dc.identifier.issn
0378-8180
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/290644
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000290644
dc.description.abstract
Urbanisation in Oman started shortly after 1970. The process of urbanisation changed the land-use and settlement patterns in Oman and in particular in Muscat Capital Area. Modern urban geography and urban planning in Oman emerged in the 1980s when the ‘rational’ Llewelyn-Davies plan of 1981 became the guiding planning framework. The main conceptual strategies and spatial imagination of the territory remained un-questioned in all subsequent plans and strategies up to the present Oman National Spatial Strategy. This article argues that the limited means of spatial representation of urban planners and geographers in the 1980s also limited the conceptualisation of the urban development strategies. These relied essentially on conventional aerial photography whereas the military already used systematic satellite imagery. US and Soviet military maps based on satellite images have been disclosed at the end of the Cold War and are now accessible. The evaluation of maps produced between 1943 and 1975 allows to reconstruct earlier settlement patterns preceding the 1980s. Hundreds of pre-existing settlement cores integrated hydrographic, topographic and agricultural features across the region of Muscat and Al Bāţinah. This reconstruction of settlement patterns is highly relevant today: Features of the pre-existing settlement patterns are still dominant in Muscat Capital Area. They form a ‘base-layer’ of urbanisation and indicate crucial intersections of hydrographic, topographic and agricultural features with settlement areas. This urban network is complex, functionally diversified and sustainable in its use of natural and spatial resources - qualities that are now being recognised as ‘remedies’ for urban sprawl.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Ministry of Heritage and Culture, Sultanate of Oman
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Urban geography
en_US
dc.subject
Urbanisation
en_US
dc.subject
Oman
en_US
dc.subject
Military maps
en_US
dc.title
A Critical Reconstruction of Modern Urban Settlement Patterns in Muscat and Al Batinah Based on Military Maps
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
ethz.journal.title
The Journal of Oman Studies
ethz.journal.volume
19
en_US
ethz.pages.start
85
en_US
ethz.pages.end
100
en_US
ethz.size
16 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Muscat
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung & Wirtschaftsbez. / Domain VP Research & Corporate Relations::08058 - Singapore ETH Centre (SEC) / Singapore ETH Centre (SEC)
en_US
ethz.relation.isCitedBy
10.3929/ethz-b-000339868
ethz.relation.isCitedBy
10.3929/ethz-b-000339862
ethz.relation.isCitedBy
handle/20.500.11850/344883
ethz.relation.cites
10.3929/ethz-b-000339855
ethz.relation.cites
10.3929/ethz-b-000339846
ethz.date.deposited
2018-09-20T08:19:25Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-02-13T13:01:24Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2019-02-13T13:01:24Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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