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dc.contributor.author
Heim, Bernhard
dc.contributor.author
Joosten, Marc
dc.contributor.author
Richthofen, Aurel von
dc.contributor.author
Rupp, Florian
dc.date.accessioned
2018-09-24T10:23:09Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-24T02:24:05Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-24T10:23:09Z
dc.date.issued
2018-09-20
dc.identifier.other
10.1186/s40410-018-0084-6
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/291159.1
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/291159
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000291159
dc.description.abstract
Affordable housing with fair and transparent land-allocation measures is a challenge for many countries. The Sultanate of Oman solves this issue by means of land-allocation lotteries in which male and female citizens can participate in order to win a parcel of a new housing area. Besides supporting those in financial need the lottery aims to mix the separate tribes of Oman and thus contribute to the nation building of a modern society. In an earlier work, we showed that there must be severe doubts about the economic support aspect as it seems that the current lottery, without additional measures, fuels private land speculation, see Heim et al. (Homo Oecon 35:1–30, 2018). This article studies the emergent phenomenon of clan formation within the specific land-allocation system of Oman with a new mathematical and computational approach of agent-based modelling. This model is used to base the criticism to the system on scientific evidence. Both the method (clan formation exemplified as agent-based model) and findings (simulated agents and real-world behaviour) advance the discussion on how to mitigate some of the negative effects associated with the current land allocation system. To do so, we discuss the current state and criticism around this aspect of urbanisation in Oman. We study the spatial mixing of the tribes and the possibility of clan formation in modern Omani settlements in particular Muscat Capital Area. We see emergent phenomena arising from the agent-based model that matches real world behaviour leading to negative effects such as partial and incomplete land development, tribal clustering and real-estate market distortion. The agent-based model is used to discuss alternative scenarios under which tribal clan formation is used to generate a fairer and more complete settlement process in Oman to ensure the intended outcomes of Oman’s land-allocation lottery system.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
SpringerOpen
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
Collective decision-making
en_US
dc.subject
Simulations in economics
en_US
dc.subject
Settlement dynamics
en_US
dc.subject
Clan-formation
en_US
dc.subject
Housing in Oman
en_US
dc.title
Land-allocation and clan-formation in modern residential developments in Oman
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
ethz.journal.title
City, Territory and Architecture
ethz.journal.volume
5
en_US
ethz.pages.start
8
en_US
ethz.size
9 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Heidelberg
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung & Wirtschaftsbez. / Domain VP Research & Corporate Relations::08058 - Singapore ETH Centre (SEC) / Singapore ETH Centre (SEC)
en_US
ethz.relation.cites
10.4000/cybergeo.23832
ethz.relation.cites
10.2495/sdp170131
ethz.relation.cites
10.12854/erde-148-53
ethz.relation.cites
10.1007/s41412-018-0066-7
ethz.relation.cites
10.3929/ethz-a-010637913
ethz.relation.cites
10.3929/ethz-a-010637970
ethz.relation.continues
10.1007/s41412-018-0066-7
ethz.date.deposited
2018-09-24T02:24:05Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2018-09-24T10:24:06Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2018-12-02T13:47:55Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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