Rapid mapping of lithiation dynamics in transition metal oxide particles with operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Since the commercialization of lithium ion batteries (LIBs), layered transition metal oxides (LiMO2, where M = Co, Mn, Ni, or mixtures thereof) have been materials of choice for LIB cathodes. During cycling, the transition metals change their oxidation states, an effect that can be tracked by detecting energy shifts in the X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectrum. X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) can therefore be used to visualize and quantify lithiation kinetics in transition metal oxide cathodes; however, in-situ measurements are often constrained by temporal resolution and X-ray dose, necessitating compromises in the electrochemistry cycling conditions used or the materials examined. We report a combined approach to reduce measurement time and X-ray exposure for operando XAS studies of lithium ion batteries. A highly discretized energy resolution coupled with advanced post-processing enables rapid yet reliable identification of the oxidation state. A full-field microscopy setup provides sub-particle resolution over a large area of battery electrode, enabling the oxidation state within many transition metal oxide particles to be tracked simultaneously. Here, we apply this approach to gain insights into the lithiation kinetics of a commercial, mixed-metal oxide cathode material, nickel cobalt aluminium oxide (NCA), during (dis)charge and its degradation during overcharge Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
SubjectCharacterization and analytical techniques; Batteries
Organisational unit03817 - Stampanoni, Marco F.M. / Stampanoni, Marco F.M.
03895 - Wood, Vanessa / Wood, Vanessa
02636 - Institut für Integrierte Systeme / Integrated Systems Laboratory
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