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dc.contributor.author
Hohenfellner, Moritz M.R.
dc.contributor.supervisor
Axhausen, Kay W.
dc.contributor.supervisor
Helbing, Dirk
dc.contributor.supervisor
Hörl, Sebastian
dc.date.accessioned
2018-10-19T08:30:45Z
dc.date.available
2018-10-18T08:46:55Z
dc.date.available
2018-10-19T08:30:45Z
dc.date.issued
2018-03
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/296984
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000296984
dc.description.abstract
In Switzerland, more than five million visitors annually trust in event operators, authorities and public transport operators to keep them safe on their way home from events. Some of these events push the public transport system to or past its limits. The resulting mismatch between demand and capacity can lead to the accumulation of crowds and thus creates a risk for crowd-related accidents. In the case of disturbances of the public transport system, this risk can increase further. In order to reduce the risk of accidents, it is crucial to design and implement crowd-management measures that are suitable for the expected loads. The first part of this work assesses the the responsible actors as well as current practices of event safety planning with a literature review. In the second part the difficulties associated with the determination of the loads occurring during the departure from events in an urban setting are discussed. Moreover, a methodology for the determination of these loads is proposed and applied to a case study of a concert at the Letzigrund Stadium in Zurich. The methodology is based on a macroscopic pedestrian model and an agent-based public transport model incorporating a parameterised assignment. The model is capable of modelling undisturbed public transport conditions as well as contingency scenarios resulting from public transport disturbances. The results show that the system reacts highly sensitive to assumptions about the assignment and suggest that the usage of equilibrium-based assignment methods can lead to dangerously misleading results. The synthesis of the literature review and the simulation results suggests that the risk visitors departing from an event in an urban setting are exposed to can currently not be estimated reliably.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
ETH Zurich
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Event safety
en_US
dc.subject
Crowd safety
en_US
dc.subject
Pedestrians
en_US
dc.subject
Public transport disturbance
en_US
dc.subject
Simulation
en_US
dc.title
A scenario-based approach to crowd safety of major events and its interface to public transport
en_US
dc.type
Master Thesis
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
ethz.size
136 p.
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Zurich
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00030 - Bereich Rektorat / Domain Rectorate::02890 - Inst. of Science, Technology, and Policy / Inst. of Science, Technology, and Policy
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02610 - Inst. f. Verkehrspl. u. Transportsyst. / Inst. Transport Planning and Systems::03521 - Axhausen, Kay W. / Axhausen, Kay W.
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02655 - Netzwerk Stadt und Landschaft D-ARCH
*
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02115 - Dep. Bau, Umwelt und Geomatik / Dep. of Civil, Env. and Geomatic Eng.::02610 - Inst. f. Verkehrspl. u. Transportsyst. / Inst. Transport Planning and Systems::03521 - Axhausen, Kay W. / Axhausen, Kay W.
en_US
ethz.relation.isDocumentedBy
10.3929/ethz-b-000297583
ethz.date.deposited
2018-10-18T08:46:56Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2018-10-19T08:31:20Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T02:13:53Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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