- Working Paper
We initiate a study of when the value of mathematical relaxations such as linear and semidefinite programs for constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) is approximately preserved when restricting the instance to a sub-instance induced by a small random subsample of the variables. Let $C$ be a family of CSPs such as 3SAT, Max-Cut, etc., and let $\Pi$ be a relaxation for $C$, in the sense that for every instance $P\in C$, $\Pi(P)$ is an upper bound the maximum fraction of satisfiable constraints of $P$. Loosely speaking, we say that subsampling holds for $C$ and $\Pi$ if for every sufficiently dense instance $P \in C$ and every $\epsilon>0$, if we let $P'$ be the instance obtained by restricting $P$ to a sufficiently large constant number of variables, then $\Pi(P') \in (1\pm \epsilon)\Pi(P)$. We say that weak subsampling holds if the above guarantee is replaced with $\Pi(P')=1-\Theta(\gamma)$ whenever $\Pi(P)=1-\gamma$. We show: 1. Subsampling holds for the BasicLP and BasicSDP programs. BasicSDP is a variant of the relaxation considered by Raghavendra (2008), who showed it gives an optimal approximation factor for every CSP under the unique games conjecture. BasicLP is the linear programming analog of BasicSDP. 2. For tighter versions of BasicSDP obtained by adding additional constraints from the Lasserre hierarchy, weak subsampling holds for CSPs of unique games type. 3. There are non-unique CSPs for which even weak subsampling fails for the above tighter semidefinite programs. Also there are unique CSPs for which subsampling fails for the Sherali-Adams linear programming hierarchy. As a corollary of our weak subsampling for strong semidefinite programs, we obtain a polynomial-time algorithm to certify that random geometric graphs (of the type considered by Feige and Schechtman, 2002) of max-cut value $1-\gamma$ have a cut value at most $1-\gamma/10$. Show more
Journal / seriesarXiv
Pages / Article No.
Organisational unit03841 - Holenstein, Thomas
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