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dc.contributor.author
Stich, Sebastian
dc.contributor.supervisor
Peter, Markus
dc.contributor.supervisor
Christ, Emanuel
dc.date.accessioned
2021-11-30T05:36:18Z
dc.date.available
2018-11-29T11:22:47Z
dc.date.available
2018-11-29T11:44:16Z
dc.date.available
2018-11-29T11:49:13Z
dc.date.available
2021-11-30T05:36:18Z
dc.date.issued
2018
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/307224
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000307224
dc.description.abstract
The housing settlement Wittigkofen near Bern became the epitome of the post 1975 «anti-urban reflex» in urban planning in Switzerland. Basel-based architect Otto Senn (1902-1993) had conceived of the satellite city since 1960, building on the modernist housing and urban planning discourse. In 1966, historian Paul Hofer described the settlement as, «one of the most interesting workplaces in town planning in our country». Merely ten years later, critics illustrated the «missed planning euphoria» of the 1960s using pictures of Wittigkofen’s «shapeless building mountains and concrete landscapes». Senn’s early residential buildings, on the other hand, are icons of modernity. From the beginning of his career – after completing his diploma with Karl Moser at the ETH Zurich in 1927 – he, similar to his classmate Alfred Roth, incorporated bourgeois ideas of living into his rational formal canon. With the block of flats Parkhaus Zossen in Basel (1933-1938) Senn realized a concept in urban planning that foreshadows the later settlement near Bern. In Parkhaus Zossen, he strengthened the relationship between the typical Basel perimeter block development and an adjacent park by building a «Wohnsackgasse» or a green cul-de-sac. Senn’s development of the Wohnsackgasse was only natural: as an urban planning student of Hans Bernoulli at the ETH, he was influenced by Bernoulli’s «favourite thought» – the cul-de-sac. Furthermore, he examined the concept first-hand during a 1932 trip to England, where he studied the Garden City Movement and the London City Council plans for the British metropolis. Whilst after 1945 Haefeli Moser Steiger designed differentiated buildings depending on issues of topography, Senn developed the spatial principle of the cul-de-sac into circularly enclosed areas of settlement with pentagonal residential towers in their center. In Wittigkofen, through the process of rationalization, the towers’ polygons gave way to staggered, rectangular structures. Although their expression ultimately contradicted ideas of contemporary urbanity, the settlement manifests an important stage in Swiss urban planning. As a result of the critical reception of this late large-scale project, Otto Senn is widely recognized as a designer of public buildings, namely as an expert in the theory of Protestant churches. It is, however, the issue of housing that he consistently combined with urbanistic questions – his notion of «Pragmatic Urbanism» – that determines Senn’s oeuvre and is therefore the focus of this dissertation. Through the analysis of Senn’s contribution to Switzerland’s architectural and urban history, the dissertation attempts to re-examine and to re-emphasize the impact of his residential projects.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
de
en_US
dc.publisher
ETH Zürich
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Otto Senn
en_US
dc.subject
HOUSING + RESIDENTIAL BUILDING (ARCHITECTURE)
en_US
dc.subject
BASEL, CITY (CANTON OF BASEL-STADT)
en_US
dc.subject
WERKKRITIK, WERKINTERPRETATION (ARCHITEKTUR)
en_US
dc.subject
MODERNE ARCHITEKTUR, ARCHITEKTUR DES 20. JAHRHUNDERTS
en_US
dc.subject
URBAN HOUSING + URBAN DWELLINGS (ARCHITECTURE)
en_US
dc.subject
URBAN DEVELOPMENT (URBAN PLANNING)
en_US
dc.title
Pragmatischer Städtebau 1927–1981 – Otto Senn
en_US
dc.type
Doctoral Thesis
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
dc.date.published
2018-11-29
ethz.size
374 p.
en_US
ethz.code.ddc
DDC - DDC::7 - Arts & recreation::720 - Architecture
en_US
ethz.code.ddc
DDC - DDC::7 - Arts & recreation::710 - Civic & landscape art
en_US
ethz.identifier.diss
24882
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Zürich
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02601 - Inst. f. Geschichte u. Theorie der Arch. / Inst. History and Theory of Architecture
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02662 - Institut für Entwurf und Architektur::03621 - Peter, Markus (ehemalig) / Peter, Markus( former)
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02100 - Dep. Architektur / Dep. of Architecture::02662 - Institut für Entwurf und Architektur::03621 - Peter, Markus (ehemalig) / Peter, Markus( former)
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2018-11-29T11:22:58Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.date.embargoend
2021-11-29
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2018-11-29T11:44:24Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2023-02-06T23:22:32Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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