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dc.contributor.author
Jeong, Choongwon
dc.contributor.author
Wilkin, Shevan
dc.contributor.author
Amgalantugs, Tsend
dc.contributor.author
Bouwman, Abigail S.
dc.contributor.author
Taylor, William T.T.
dc.contributor.author
Hagan, Richard W.
dc.contributor.author
Bromage, Sabri
dc.contributor.author
Tsolmon, Soninkhishig
dc.contributor.author
Trachsel, Christian
dc.contributor.author
Grossmann, Jonas
dc.contributor.author
Littleton, Judith
dc.contributor.author
Makarewicz, Cheryl A.
dc.contributor.author
Krigbaum, John
dc.contributor.author
Burri, Marta
dc.contributor.author
Scott, Ashley
dc.contributor.author
Davaasambuu, Ganmaa
dc.contributor.author
Wright, Joshua
dc.contributor.author
Irmer, Franziska
dc.contributor.author
Myagmar, Erdene
dc.contributor.author
Boivin, Nicole
dc.contributor.author
Robbeets, Martine
dc.contributor.author
Rühli, Frank J.
dc.contributor.author
Krause, Johannes
dc.contributor.author
Frohlich, Bruno
dc.contributor.author
Hendy, Jessica
dc.contributor.author
Warinner, Christina
dc.date.accessioned
2018-12-03T11:55:44Z
dc.date.available
2018-12-03T06:16:26Z
dc.date.available
2018-12-03T11:55:44Z
dc.date.issued
2018-11-27
dc.identifier.issn
0027-8424
dc.identifier.issn
1091-6490
dc.identifier.other
10.1073/pnas.1813608115
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/307994
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000307994
dc.description.abstract
Recent paleogenomic studies have shown that migrations of Western steppe herders (WSH) beginning in the Eneolithic (ca. 3300–2700 BCE) profoundly transformed the genes and cultures of Europe and central Asia. Compared with Europe, however, the eastern extent of this WSH expansion is not well defined. Here we present genomic and proteomic data from 22 directly dated Late Bronze Age burials putatively associated with early pastoralism in northern Mongolia (ca. 1380–975 BCE). Genome-wide analysis reveals that they are largely descended from a population represented by Early Bronze Age hunter-gatherers in the Baikal region, with only a limited contribution (∼7%) of WSH ancestry. At the same time, however, mass spectrometry analysis of dental calculus provides direct protein evidence of bovine, sheep, and goat milk consumption in seven of nine individuals. No individuals showed molecular evidence of lactase persistence, and only one individual exhibited evidence of >10% WSH ancestry, despite the presence of WSH populations in the nearby Altai-Sayan region for more than a millennium. Unlike the spread of Neolithic farming in Europe and the expansion of Bronze Age pastoralism on the Western steppe, our results indicate that ruminant dairy pastoralism was adopted on the Eastern steppe by local hunter-gatherers through a process of cultural transmission and minimal genetic exchange with outside groups.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
National Academy of Sciences
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject
paleogenomics
en_US
dc.subject
LC-MS/MS
en_US
dc.subject
dental calculus
en_US
dc.subject
β-lactoglobulin
en_US
dc.subject
α-S1-casein
en_US
dc.title
Bronze Age population dynamics and the rise of dairy pastoralism on the eastern Eurasian steppe
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2018-11-05
ethz.journal.title
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
ethz.journal.volume
115
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
48
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
ethz.pages.start
E11248
en_US
ethz.pages.end
E11255
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Washington, DC
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung / Domain VP Research::02207 - Functional Genomics Center Zurich / Functional Genomics Center Zurich
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung / Domain VP Research::02207 - Functional Genomics Center Zurich / Functional Genomics Center Zurich
ethz.date.deposited
2018-12-03T06:16:31Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2018-12-03T11:55:50Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T02:55:04Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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