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dc.contributor.author
Baezner, Marie
dc.date.accessioned
2019-01-09T15:25:32Z
dc.date.available
2019-01-09T15:03:10Z
dc.date.available
2019-01-09T15:25:32Z
dc.date.issued
2018-08
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/314582
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000314582
dc.description.abstract
India and Pakistan have been regional rivals ever since they achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947. They compete militarily and economically and this regional rivalry has manifested itself through provocations, skirmishes and open conflicts. Both states have integrated new technologies in their strategies extending their regional rivalry to cyberspace. This Hotspot Analysis examines the dynamic of the India-Pakistan regional rivalry in cyberspace. Both states have developed cyber capabilities and are using them primarily to spy on the other. Cyberespionage campaigns seem often poorly coordinated and unsophisticated. However, the lack of sophistication in cybertools did not prevent advanced persistent threats likely sponsored by India or Pakistan from achieving their strategic goals. At a lower level, non-state actors such as hacktivists and patriotic hackers used cyberspace to promote their patriotic sentiments. Such actions increase the risk of misperceptions in cyberspace and escalation of the rivalry to physical conflict.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zürich
dc.rights.uri
http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/
dc.subject
Cyber conflict
en_US
dc.title
Regional rivalry between India-Pakistan: tit-for-tat in cyberspace
en_US
dc.type
Report
dc.rights.license
In Copyright - Non-Commercial Use Permitted
ethz.journal.title
CSS Cyberdefense Hotspot Analyses
ethz.journal.issue
10
en_US
ethz.size
32 p.
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Zurich
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03515 - Wenger, Andreas / Wenger, Andreas
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03515 - Wenger, Andreas / Wenger, Andreas
en_US
ethz.tag
India
en_US
ethz.tag
Pakistan
en_US
ethz.date.deposited
2019-01-09T15:03:13Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-01-09T15:27:30Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2022-03-28T22:02:29Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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