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dc.contributor.author
Ienca, Marcello
dc.contributor.author
Vayena, Effy
dc.date.accessioned
2019-01-10T12:07:58Z
dc.date.available
2019-01-10T12:04:59Z
dc.date.available
2019-01-10T12:07:58Z
dc.date.issued
2018-12-02
dc.identifier.issn
1424-7860
dc.identifier.issn
1424-3997
dc.identifier.other
10.4414/smw.2018.14688
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/314866
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000310130
dc.description.abstract
Dual use research of concern (DURC) is defined by the World Health Organization as “life sciences research that is intended for benefit, but which might easily be misapplied to do harm.” Ethical and policy discussions on DURC span the past three decades. Today, however, new and emerging technologies and associated sociocultural transformations within the scientific community are reshaping the current risk scenario. This paper identifies three major trends that are likely to characterise dual use dilemmas in the near future: the diversification of dual use domains, the digitalisation of potential threats and the proliferation of actors. This analysis illustrates an increasingly heterogeneous and fragmented risk scenario, which can hardly be effectively governed top-down from a centralised authority. We propose that in order to meet the critical challenges of dual use in the 21st century, a global and distributed governance is needed. In contrast to globally binding sets of legal mechanisms administered by a central and hierarchical authority supported by leading powers, we suggest a global and decentralised governance architecture encompassing multilevel, multipolar and bottom-up strategies that can stretch across a spectrum of stakeholders and scientific domains in an agile, proactive and adaptive manner. Finally, we discuss how Switzerland can take a leading role in the promotion and development of this global governance architecture.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
EMH Schweizerischer Ärzte-Verlag AG
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject
Dual use
en_US
dc.subject
Biomedical research
en_US
dc.subject
Bioethics
en_US
dc.subject
Governance
en_US
dc.subject
Biohackers
en_US
dc.subject
Bioterrorism
en_US
dc.subject
Biosecurity
en_US
dc.subject
Decentralised
en_US
dc.subject
Digitalisation
en_US
dc.subject
Risk management
en_US
dc.title
Dual use in the 21st century: emerging risks and global governance
en_US
dc.type
Review Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
ethz.journal.title
Swiss Medical Weekly
ethz.journal.volume
148
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
Swiss Med Wkly
ethz.pages.start
w14688
en_US
ethz.size
8 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.grant
BEHALF - Bigdata-Ethics-HeaLth Framework
en_US
ethz.grant
Ethics and Society in Personalised Medicine
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.identifier.pubmed
30552855
ethz.publication.place
Basel
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02540 - Institut für Translationale Medizin / Institute of Translational Medicine::09614 - Vayena, Eftychia / Vayena, Eftychia
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02540 - Institut für Translationale Medizin / Institute of Translational Medicine::09614 - Vayena, Eftychia / Vayena, Eftychia
en_US
ethz.grant.agreementno
167223
ethz.grant.agreementno
157556
ethz.grant.fundername
SNF
ethz.grant.fundername
SNF
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100001711
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100001711
ethz.grant.program
NFP 75: Gesuch
ethz.grant.program
SNF-Förderungsprofessuren Stufe 2
ethz.date.deposited
2018-12-11T16:15:03Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-01-10T12:05:25Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T03:17:00Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
dc.identifier.olduri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/310130
dc.identifier.olduri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/313283
ethz.COinS
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