The conformational changes coupling ATP hydrolysis and translocation in a bacterial DnaB helicase
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
DnaB helicases are motor proteins that couple ATP-hydrolysis to the loading of the protein onto DNA at the replication fork and to translocation along DNA to separate double-stranded DNA into single strands during replication. Using a network of conformational states, arrested by nucleotide mimics, we herein characterize the reaction coordinates for ATP hydrolysis, DNA loading and DNA translocation using solid-state NMR spectroscopy. AMP-PCP is used as pre-hydrolytic, ADP:AlF4− as transition state, and ADP as post-hydrolytic ATP mimic. 31P and 13C NMR spectra reveal conformational and dynamic responses to ATP hydrolysis and the resulting DNA loading and translocation with single amino-acid resolution. This allows us to identify residues guiding the DNA translocation process and to explain the high binding affinities for DNA observed for ADP:AlF4−, which turns out to be optimally preconfigured to bind DNA. Show more
Journal / seriesNature Communications
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
Organisational unit03496 - Meier, Beat H. / Meier, Beat H.
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