Design Principles of Bipolar Electrochemical Co-Electrolysis Cells for Efficient Reduction of Carbon Dioxide from Gas Phase at Low Temperature
Schmidt, Thomas J.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Cell designs for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 from gas phase were developed and investigated, and the critical elements for an efficient process were identified. Various types of polymeric membrane were used to build membrane electrode assembly adapted for CO2 reduction in gas phase: protonic and anion exchange membrane (AEM), bipolar membrane and a modified bipolar like membrane configuration. Configurations using anion exchange ionomer in the cathodic catalytic layer in contact with an AEM allow for a great enhancement of the cathode reaction selectivity toward CO. However, a severe problem was identified when co-electrolysis is performed using only an AEM: this type of membrane acts as a CO2 “pump” meaning that for each molecule of CO2 reduced at the cathode, one or two CO2 molecules are produced at the anode by oxidation of the carbonate/bicarbonate anion transported in the membrane. A bipolar membrane system was shown to soften this problem, but only a newly developed cell design was able to fully prevent the parasitic CO2 pumping. Using this new cell configuration, the faradaic efficiency of an alkaline environment is maintained, the parasitic CO2 pumping to the anode side is completely suppressed, and the overall cell voltage efficiency is highly improved. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Pages / Article No.
PublisherThe Electrochemical Society
SubjectElectrochemical Engineering; CO2 pumping; syn gas; electrochemical CO2 reduction; co-electrolysis cell; alkaline membrane; Bipolar membranes
Organisational unit03910 - Schmidt, Thomas J. / Schmidt, Thomas J.
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