Kokkaliaris, Konstantinos D.
- Journal Article
Stem cells play a central role in the regeneration and repair of multicellular organisms. However, it remains far from trivial to reliably identify them. Despite decades of work, current techniques to isolate hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) based on cell-surface markers only result in 50% purity, i.e. half of the sorted cells are not stem cells when functionally tested. Modern microscopy techniques allow us to follow single cells and their progeny for up to weeks in vitro, while recording the cell fates and lifetime of each individual cell. This cell tracking generates so-called lineage trees. Here, we propose statistical techniques to determine if the initial cell in a lineage tree was a HSC. We apply these techniques to murine hematopoietic lineage trees, revealing that 18% of the trees in our HSC dataset display a unique signature, and this signature is compatible with these trees having started from a true stem cell. Assuming 50% purity of HSC empirical datasets, this corresponds to a 0.35 power of the test, and the type-1-error is estimated to be 0.047. In summary, this study shows that statistical analysis of lineage trees could improve the classification of cells, which is currently done based on bio-markers only. Our statistical techniques are not limited to mammalian stem cell biology. Any type of single cell lineage trees, be it from bacteria, single cell eukaryotes, or single cells in a multicellular organism can be investigated. We expect this to contribute to a better understanding of the molecules influencing cellular dynamics at the single cell level. Show more
Journal / seriesJournal of Theoretical Biology
Pages / Article No.
SubjectStem cells; Single cell analysis; Time lapse bioimaging; Likelihood; Bootstrap
Organisational unit09490 - Stadler, Tanja / Stadler, Tanja
03992 - Schroeder, Timm / Schroeder, Timm
335529 - New phylogenetic methods for inferring complex population dynamics (EC)
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