Improving guidewire-mediated steerability of a magnetically actuated flexible microrobot
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Here, we develop a flexible microrobot enhancing the steerability of a conventional guidewire. To improve steerability, a microrobot is attached to the tip of the guidewire and guided using an external magnetic field generated by an electromagnetic coil system. The flexible microrobot is fabricated via replica-molding and features a body made of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and a single permanent magnet. As the robot is made of a deformable material, it can be steered using a low-intensity external magnetic field; the robot can potentially be guided into the coronary artery. To study steering performance, we employed mathematical modeling and a finite element model (FEM), and performed experiments under various magnetic fields. We found that a mathematical model using the Euler–Bernoulli beam could not precisely calculate the deformation angles. The FEM more accurately estimated those angles. The deformation angle can be controlled from 0 to 80° at a magnetic field intensity of 15 mT. The trackability at angles of 45 and 80° of the guidewire-based microrobot was confirmed in vitro using a two-dimensional blood vessel phantom. Show more
Journal / seriesMicro and Nano Systems Letters
Pages / Article No.
SubjectFlexible microrobot (robot); Guidewire; PCI surgery; Steerability; Trackability; Magnetic actuation; Angioplasty
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