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dc.contributor.author
Wälti, Michel J.
dc.contributor.author
Woolley, Daniel G.
dc.contributor.author
Wenderoth, Nicole
dc.date.accessioned
2019-04-08T08:31:14Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-07T11:33:28Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-08T08:31:14Z
dc.date.issued
2019
dc.identifier.issn
1932-6203
dc.identifier.other
10.1371/journal.pone.0214540
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/336646
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000336646
dc.description.abstract
When learning new information, contextual information about the encoding situation is stored in addition to the focal memory content. Later, these strings of extra information can help retrieve the learned content as demonstrated by experiments where contextual cues from an encoding situation facilitate remembering and improve memory performance when reinstated during retrieval. This context-dependent memory effect has been investigated over the course of several decades and has been demonstrated with many different types of contexts. Based on this, the widely held belief is that context-dependent memory is a strong and robust effect, with transferable substance for everyday learning and potential clinical applications. Here we report the results of a multi-study design investigating the influence of reinstated visual contexts on memory performance. Data from 120 participants were included in three studies comprising a variety of visual cues. We show convincingly that even rich, salient and fully surrounding visual contexts provided by virtual reality are not sufficient to induce effects of context-dependency in a free recall memory task. We also investigated contextual modulation of oscillatory brain activity in order to test the effect of reinstated neural contexts, which failed to evoke a robust effect when re-tested in an internal conceptual replication study. Moreover, a Bayesian sequential statistical analysis revealed moderate to strong evidence against the hypothesis that reinstatement of visual contexts benefits free recall memory tasks indicating that effects are small and may not be suitable for transfer into everyday learning.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Public Library of Science
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.title
Reinstating verbal memories with virtual contexts: Myth or reality?
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2019-03-29
ethz.journal.title
PLoS ONE
ethz.journal.volume
14
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
3
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
PLoS ONE
ethz.pages.start
e0214540
en_US
ethz.size
20 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.grant
Non-invasive stimulation tools for modulating human brain function
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
San Francisco, CA
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02535 - Institut für Bewegungswiss. und Sport / Institut of Human Movement Sc. and Sport::03963 - Wenderoth, Nicole / Wenderoth, Nicole
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02070 - Dep. Gesundheitswiss. und Technologie / Dep. of Health Sciences and Technology::02535 - Institut für Bewegungswiss. und Sport / Institut of Human Movement Sc. and Sport::03963 - Wenderoth, Nicole / Wenderoth, Nicole
ethz.grant.agreementno
175616
ethz.grant.fundername
SNF
ethz.grant.funderDoi
10.13039/501100001711
ethz.grant.program
Projektförderung in Biologie und Medizin (Abteilung III)
ethz.date.deposited
2019-04-07T11:33:30Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-04-08T08:31:19Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T04:17:23Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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