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dc.contributor.author
Hensen, Christian
dc.contributor.author
Duarte, Joao C.
dc.contributor.author
Vannucchi, Paola
dc.contributor.author
Mazzini, Adriano
dc.contributor.author
Lever, Mark A.
dc.contributor.author
Terrinha, Pedro
dc.contributor.author
Géli, Louis
dc.contributor.author
Henry, Pierre
dc.contributor.author
Villinger, Heinrich
dc.contributor.author
Morgan, Jason
dc.contributor.author
Schmidt, Mark
dc.contributor.author
Gutscher, Marc-André
dc.contributor.author
Bartolome, Rafael
dc.contributor.author
Tomonaga, Yama
dc.contributor.author
Polonia, Alina
dc.contributor.author
Gràcia, Eulàlia
dc.contributor.author
Tinivella, Umberta
dc.contributor.author
Lupi, Matteo
dc.contributor.author
Çağatay, M. Namık
dc.contributor.author
Elvert, Marcus
dc.contributor.author
Sakellariou, Dimitris
dc.contributor.author
Matias, Luis
dc.contributor.author
Kipfer, Rolf
dc.contributor.author
Karageorgis, Aristomenis P.
dc.contributor.author
Ruffine, Livio
dc.contributor.author
Liebetrau, Volker
dc.contributor.author
Pierre, Catherine
dc.contributor.author
Schmidt, Christopher
dc.contributor.author
Batista, Luis
dc.contributor.author
Gasperini, Luca
dc.contributor.author
Burwicz, Ewa
dc.contributor.author
Neres, Marta
dc.contributor.author
Nuzzo, Marianne
dc.date.accessioned
2019-04-24T13:29:25Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-20T04:13:29Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-24T13:29:25Z
dc.date.issued
2019-03
dc.identifier.other
10.3389/feart.2019.00039
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/338825
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000338825
dc.description.abstract
Marine transform faults and associated fracture zones (MTFFZs) cover vast stretches of the ocean floor, where they play a key role in plate tectonics, accommodating the lateral movement of tectonic plates and allowing connections between ridges and trenches. Together with the continental counterparts of MTFFZs, these structures also pose a risk to human societies as they can generate high magnitude earthquakes and trigger tsunamis. Historical examples are the Sumatra-Wharton Basin Earthquake in 2012 (M8.6) and the Atlantic Gloria Fault Earthquake in 1941 (M8.4). Earthquakes at MTFFZs furthermore open and sustain pathways for fluid flow triggering reactions with the host rocks that may permanently change the rheological properties of the oceanic lithosphere. In fact, they may act as conduits mediating vertical fluid flow and leading to elemental exchanges between Earth’s mantle and overlying sediments. Chemicals transported upward in MTFFZs include energy substrates, such as H2 and volatile hydrocarbons, which then sustain chemosynthetic, microbial ecosystems at and below the seafloor. Moreover, up- or downwelling of fluids within the complex system of fractures and seismogenic faults along MTFFZs could modify earthquake cycles and/or serve as “detectors” for changes in the stress state during interseismic phases. Despite their likely global importance, the large areas where transform faults and fracture zones occur are still underexplored, as are the coupling mechanisms between seismic activity, fluid flow, and life. This manuscript provides an interdisciplinary review and synthesis of scientific progress at or related to MTFFZs and specifies approaches and strategies to deepen the understanding of processes that trigger, maintain, and control fluid flow at MTFFZs.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Frontiers Media
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject
transform faults
en_US
dc.subject
fractures zones
en_US
dc.subject
coupling of seismicity and fluid flow
en_US
dc.subject
microbial life
en_US
dc.subject
heat flow
en_US
dc.subject
fluid geochemistry
en_US
dc.subject
seafloor observation systems
en_US
dc.subject
seismic precursors
en_US
dc.title
Marine transform faults and fracture zones: A joint perspective integrating seismicity, fluid flow and life
en_US
dc.type
Review Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2019-03-19
ethz.journal.title
Frontiers in Earth Science
ethz.journal.volume
7
en_US
ethz.pages.start
39
en_US
ethz.size
29 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.identifier.scopus
ethz.publication.place
Lausanne
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02721 - Inst. f. Biogeochemie u. Schadstoffdyn. / Inst. Biogeochem. and Pollutant Dynamics::09496 - Lever, Mark A. / Lever, Mark A.
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02721 - Inst. f. Biogeochemie u. Schadstoffdyn. / Inst. Biogeochem. and Pollutant Dynamics::09496 - Lever, Mark A. / Lever, Mark A.
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02721 - Inst. f. Biogeochemie u. Schadstoffdyn. / Inst. Biogeochem. and Pollutant Dynamics::09496 - Lever, Mark A. / Lever, Mark A.
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02350 - Dep. Umweltsystemwissenschaften / Dep. of Environmental Systems Science::02721 - Inst. f. Biogeochemie u. Schadstoffdyn. / Inst. Biogeochem. and Pollutant Dynamics::09496 - Lever, Mark A. / Lever, Mark A.
ethz.date.deposited
2019-04-20T04:13:50Z
ethz.source
SCOPUS
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-04-24T13:30:30Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2019-04-24T13:30:30Z
ethz.rosetta.exportRequired
true
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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