An in vivo wound healing model for the characterization of the angiogenic process and its modulation by pharmacological interventions
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Schneider, Martin K.
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Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Angiogenesis during wound healing is essential for tissue repair and also affected during cancer treatment by anti-angiogenic drugs. Here, we introduce a minimally invasive wound healing model in the mouse ear to assess angiogenesis with high spatiotemporal resolution in a longitudinal manner in vivo using two-photon microscopy in mice expressing GCaMP2 in arterial endothelial cells. The development of vascular sprouts occurred in a highly orchestrated manner within a time window of 8 days following wounding. Novel sprouts developed exclusively from the distal stump of the transsected arteries, growing towards the proximal arterial stump. This was in line with the incidence of Ca2+ transients in the arterial endothelial cells, most probably a result of VEGF stimulation, which were more numerous on the distal part. Functional analysis revealed perfusion across the wound site via arterial sprouts developed between days 6 and 8 following the incision. At day 8, proximal and distal arteries were structurally and functionally connected, though only 2/3 of all sprouts detected were actually perfused. Treatment with the FDA approved drug, sunitinib, the preclinical drug AZD4547, as well as with the combination of the two agents had significant effects on both structural and functional readouts of neo-angiogenesis. The simplicity and high reproducibility of the model makes it an attractive tool for elucidating migratory activity, phenotype and functionality of endothelial cells during angiogenesis and for evaluating specific anti-angiogenic drug interventions Show more
Journal / seriesScientific Reports
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
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