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dc.contributor.author
Barau, Aliyu
dc.date.accessioned
2019-04-29T11:40:00Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-29T07:18:06Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-29T07:39:43Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-29T07:57:41Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-29T09:25:26Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-29T11:40:00Z
dc.date.issued
2019-03
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/339873
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000339873
dc.description.abstract
Pilgrimage to Mecca is an obligation for Muslims with ability to do so. Muslims also look at the Qibla (direction to Mecca) for their daily prayers (salat). The influence of Mecca is far and wide to the extent that many buildings in Muslim cities and towns are designed to align with the Qibla. The number of Muslims going to hajj has increased significantly and this makes Saudi authorities to undertake expansion of the Masjidil Haram – the Grand Mosque. However, such expansion projects and associated changes to the urban fabric of Mecca could not resist the forces of globalisation and modernisation trending in the Gulf region. The impacts of fast evolving modernisation, urbanisation and globalisation on small but culturally important Gulf cities such as Mecca is least investigated. This chapter analyses historical changes to the architecture and urban spaces in and around the city of Mecca. Pictures dated between 1880 and 2016 were used to identify patterns of modernisation and globalisation in Mecca. The changing morphology and architectural forms and concepts bereft Mecca of its many historic sites, decline in its all-encompassing spatio-spiritual appeal to pilgrims and possibly the emergence of spaces that most likely favour the richest and powerful. Thus, modernisation and globalisation are creating polarisation of the poor and the rich experiences in what supposes to be a landscape that exudes spirituality, equanimity and sense of sameness between races and sexes. The phenomenal expansions and renovations of Mecca’s Grand Mosque has in some ways undermined its standing as Ummul Qura (the Mother of all towns) in the sight of Muslims.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
Future Cities Laboratory Singapore; ETH Zurich
en_US
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/
dc.subject
Mecca
en_US
dc.subject
Urbanisation
en_US
dc.subject
Globalisation
en_US
dc.title
The Changed City of Mecca: Understanding its Transition to Deep Globalisation
en_US
dc.type
Conference Paper
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International
dc.date.published
2019-04-15
ethz.pages.start
146
en_US
ethz.pages.end
164
en_US
ethz.size
19 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.event
Gulf Research Meeting 2016
en_US
ethz.event.location
Cambridge, United Kingdom
en_US
ethz.event.date
August 15-19, 2016
en_US
ethz.publication.place
Singapore; Zurich
en_US
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00003 - Schulleitung und Dienste::00022 - Bereich VP Forschung / Domain VP Research::08058 - Singapore-ETH Centre (SEC) / Singapore-ETH Centre (SEC)
en_US
ethz.relation.isPartOf
10.3929/ethz-b-000339841
ethz.date.deposited
2019-04-29T07:18:07Z
ethz.source
FORM
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2019-04-29T07:40:00Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2021-02-15T04:26:46Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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