Yaman, Yusuf I.
- Journal Article
Rights / licenseCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Growing tissue and bacterial colonies are active matter systems where cell divisions and cellular motion generate active stress. Although they operate in the non-equilibrium regime, these biological systems can form large-scale ordered structures. How mechanical instabilities drive the dynamics of active matter systems and form ordered structures are not well understood. Here, we use chaining Bacillus subtilis, also known as a biofilm, to study the relation between mechanical instabilities and nematic ordering. We find that bacterial biofilms have intrinsic length scales above which a series of mechanical instabilities occur. Localized stress and friction drive buckling and edge instabilities which further create nematically aligned structures and topological defects. We also observe that topological defects control stress distribution and initiate the formation of sporulation sites by creating three-dimensional structures. In this study we propose an alternative active matter platform to study the essential roles of mechanics in growing biological tissue. Show more
Journal / seriesNature Communications
Pages / Article No.
PublisherNature Publishing Group
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