Silicon Oxycarbide-Tin Nanocomposite as a High-Power-Density Anode for Li-Ion Batteries
Dubey, Romain J.-C.
Sasikumar, Pradeep V.M.
Kravchyk, Kostiantyn V.
Kovalenko, Maksym V.
- Journal Article
Rechte / LizenzCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Tin‐based materials are an emerging class of Li‐ion anodes with considerable potential for use in high‐energy‐density Li‐ion batteries. However, the long‐lasting electrochemical performance of Sn remains a formidable challenge due to the large volume changes occurring upon its lithiation. The prevailing approaches toward stabilization of such electrodes involve embedding Sn in the form of nanoparticles (NPs) in an active/inactive matrix. The matrix helps to buffer the volume changes of Sn, impart better electronic connectivity and prevent particle aggregation upon lithiation/delithiation. Herein, facile synthesis of Sn NPs embedded in a SiOC matrix via the pyrolysis of a preceramic polymer as a single‐source precursor is reported. This polymer contains Sn 2‐ethyl‐hexanoate (Sn(Oct)2) and poly(methylhydrosiloxane) as sources of Sn and Si, respectively. Upon functionalization with apolar divinyl benzene sidechains, the polymer is rendered compatible with Sn(Oct)2. This approach yields a homogeneous dispersion of Sn NPs in a SiOC matrix with sizes on the order of 5–30 nm. Anodes of the SiOC/Sn nanocomposite demonstrate high capacities of 644 and 553 mAh g−1 at current densities of 74.4 and 2232 mA g−1 (C/5 and 6C rates for graphite), respectively, and show superior rate capability with only 14% capacity decay at high currents. Mehr anzeigen
Zeitschrift / SerieAdvanced Science
Seiten / Artikelnummer
Themaelectrochemical energy storage; lithium; nanocomposites; silicon oxycarbide; tin metal