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dc.contributor.author
Mazloumian, Amin
dc.contributor.author
Eom, Young-Ho
dc.contributor.author
Helbing, Dirk
dc.contributor.author
Lozano, Sergi
dc.contributor.author
Fortunato, Santo
dc.date.accessioned
2018-09-06T08:43:01Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-09T11:31:20Z
dc.date.available
2018-09-06T08:43:01Z
dc.date.issued
2011-05-04
dc.identifier.issn
1932-6203
dc.identifier.other
10.1371/journal.pone.0018975
en_US
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11850/36187
dc.identifier.doi
10.3929/ethz-b-000036187
dc.description.abstract
Nobel Prizes are commonly seen to be among the most prestigious achievements of our times. Based on mining several million citations, we quantitatively analyze the processes driving paradigm shifts in science. We find that groundbreaking discoveries of Nobel Prize Laureates and other famous scientists are not only acknowledged by many citations of their landmark papers. Surprisingly, they also boost the citation rates of their previous publications. Given that innovations must outcompete the rich-gets-richer effect for scientific citations, it turns out that they can make their way only through citation cascades. A quantitative analysis reveals how and why they happen. Science appears to behave like a self-organized critical system, in which citation cascades of all sizes occur, from continuous scientific progress all the way up to scientific revolutions, which change the way we see our world. Measuring the “boosting effect” of landmark papers, our analysis reveals how new ideas and new players can make their way and finally triumph in a world dominated by established paradigms. The underlying “boost factor” is also useful to discover scientific breakthroughs and talents much earlier than through classical citation analysis, which by now has become a widespread method to measure scientific excellence, influencing scientific careers and the distribution of research funds. Our findings reveal patterns of collective social behavior, which are also interesting from an attention economics perspective. Understanding the origin of scientific authority may therefore ultimately help to explain how social influence comes about and why the value of goods depends so strongly on the attention they attract.
en_US
dc.format
application/pdf
en_US
dc.language.iso
en
en_US
dc.publisher
PLOS
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
dc.title
How Citation Boosts Promote Scientific Paradigm Shifts and Nobel Prizes
en_US
dc.type
Journal Article
dc.rights.license
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
ethz.journal.title
PLoS ONE
ethz.journal.volume
6
en_US
ethz.journal.issue
5
en_US
ethz.journal.abbreviated
PLoS ONE
ethz.pages.start
e18975
en_US
ethz.size
6 p.
en_US
ethz.version.deposit
publishedVersion
en_US
ethz.identifier.wos
ethz.publication.place
San Francisco, CA
ethz.publication.status
published
en_US
ethz.leitzahl
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03784 - Helbing, Dirk / Helbing, Dirk
en_US
ethz.leitzahl.certified
ETH Zürich::00002 - ETH Zürich::00012 - Lehre und Forschung::00007 - Departemente::02045 - Dep. Geistes-, Sozial- u. Staatswiss. / Dep. of Humanities, Social and Pol.Sc.::03784 - Helbing, Dirk / Helbing, Dirk
ethz.date.deposited
2017-06-09T11:31:47Z
ethz.source
ECIT
ethz.identifier.importid
imp59364e218f18f80858
ethz.ecitpid
pub:57891
ethz.eth
yes
en_US
ethz.availability
Open access
en_US
ethz.rosetta.installDate
2017-07-18T17:09:37Z
ethz.rosetta.lastUpdated
2024-02-02T05:56:37Z
ethz.rosetta.versionExported
true
ethz.COinS
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